AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner Training 2020 – Full Course

AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner Training 2020 - Full Course

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Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And  cloud computing has now become one of the   essential skills that you need to learn in order  to make it in the web development industry in AWS,   Amazon Web Services is the most popular cloud  computing service used by startups. So this whole  

Course is about getting AWS certified  for the certified cloud practitioner,   which is the entry level certification. And the  idea here is that by getting the certification,   you are going to be able to prove that you  can work with cloud computing, prove that you  

Can work in AWS and you’re gonna have a lot more  job opportunities available to you. So you know,   let’s get to this and start learning about AWS.  Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And  

I’m going to try to answer all the questions you  might have about the CCP, which is known as the   certified cloud practitioner to determine whether  it’s the right certification for you. Okay,   so the CCP is all about AWS foundational  knowledge. So what that means is that it  

Can show that you know how to poke around and  you can use the service console and you know,   the general offerings from AWS, it’s like a lite  version of the solution architect associate,   okay. But the CCP has some very unique offerings,  which no other certification on AWS has, which is  

They have a strong focus on billing and business  centric concepts. Okay. And that’s why it’s   going to make a lot of sense why a lot of people  who tried to obtain the CCP are in sales and   management because it’s going to give them that  knowledge to help them inform VPS or CEOs, the  

Reasons why to use AWS. Okay. Alright, so the next  thing you’re probably going to ask me is, what   value does the CCP hold? Well, it’s not a Gilda  title. It can help superficially increase your   a recertification count if that’s something that  some companies care about. But it’s not recognized  

As an important certification for developers  on resume. So if you think by getting the CCP,   it’s going to help you get a job, I probably won’t  help too much. If you were a bootcamp grad, then  

It could be a good indicator that you’re a little  bit familiar with AWS. So it can be okay in that   one circumstance. But generally, for developers,  it’s not going to help you too much. Alright,   so maybe you’re thinking so far? Hey, Andrew, this  doesn’t sound that great. Why would I want to even  

Bother getting this and you might be thinking  about skipping the CCP. But I’m going to tell you   that that is not what you should do, you should  actually go get the CCP. And why is that? Well,  

It’s for a totally different reason. It’s because  the CCP is going to help you build confidence. And   it’s a very easy one, because it’s the easiest  certification. Because it’s the most inexpensive   certification, it’s the perfect opportunity for  you to get comfortable for when you actually go  

Take a real exam, okay, so the other exams, the  associates, and everything beyond that are very   difficult. And you don’t want that to be your  first certification you go for, because you’re   gonna go the exam center, you’re going to be very  nervous or stressed out, or something’s gonna go  

Wrong. And so by taking the CCP and going to  the test center, you’re going to learn your   test center and learn how you have to be on time,  and the what the environments going to be like,  

Okay, and that is the big value out of the CCP.  So that’s why I want you to go after it. And also   just some people day just to just prepare,  because they might get overwhelmed once they   start with a solution architect associate.  And so it is a very easy way to ease into  

The associate certifications. Alright, so let’s  talk about study time, how much time do I have   to put in to pass this exam. Now, if you are a  developer, so you’re already working in industry,  

You can pass this in less than a week. If you’re  a bootcamp grad, I’d say about 15 hours. So we’re   talking about a week and a half of study. And if  you’re in sales and management, you probably don’t  

Have a lot of developer experience, or with a  cloud infrastructure. So we’re looking at 20   hours of study, but the thing is, is that you  can, you know, book this exam a week ahead and  

Use this course and you will pass because it is a  very easy certification, and it’s not a huge time   requirement. Okay, so that just gives you kind of  an idea of the time you need to put in. Alright,  

So when it comes time to take this exam, you’re  going to have to go to a test center, which is   partnered with AWS, and there are two test center  networks, we have psi and Pearson VUE. And so  

Before the only way you can take this exam, you  had to go in person to a test center. But now that   Pearson VUE is part of AWS as its offering the  exam through their network, Pearson VUE is known  

For their proctored exams. So what is the proctor  exam that’s when you have someone that who is   supervising or monitoring your examination and  specifically for online Okay, so what that means   is that you can sign up and schedule an online  exam and through a web camera and if you You would  

Just take the exam and somebody would watch you to  make sure that you’re not cheating. Okay. So now   it’s even easier to get a VA certified because you  can take this at the convenience of your own home.  

But I would strongly recommend that you take it at  an in person test center, if there is one nearby,   just because when you go for this harder  certifications, they may not offer proctored  

Exams. And so I at this point, I recommend that  you try to go to a test center. But if you just   want to get even certified, and you’re really  excited, definitely go take it online. Alright,   and now we just have some remaining questions  here. So what does it cost to take this exam,  

It’s $100 USD is the most inexpensive eight have  a certification, it’s going to take 90 minutes,   that’s the time that you’re allocated during the  the exam, it doesn’t actually take that long,   you could probably get it done in under an hour  it again, it’s not a very hard certification. But  

I do recommend that when you go to the exam,  you maximize all of your time and review your   questions. Because it is a very good habit to get  into when you take exams, there are 65 questions,  

The passing score is 70%. I think that actually  is a hard number. With all the other exams,   it’s kind of a floating number. So it’s never  exactly that amount. But I’m pretty sure for   the cloud practitioner, if you get over 70%, you  are going to pass, okay. And then when you get the  

Certification, it’s going to be valid for three  years. So it’s going to be with you for quite a   long time. So there you go. Hopefully that answers  all the questions you have about the certified   cloud practitioner. Hey, this is Andrew Brown  from exam Pro. And here I have the exam guide  

Pulled up, because I’m going to give you a quick  walkthrough of it. So you have an idea what AWS   wants you to know, in order to pass this exam.  So the first thing we’re going to do is we’re  

Going to scroll on down to the content outline,  and just give the domains a read and understand   the weighting of the actual exam. So we have four  domains. Here, we have cloud concepts, security,   technology, and billing and pricing. And so the  largest portion of the exam is technology at 36%.  

And billing and pricing is the lowest amount which  is kind of funny, because I find that the most   valuable thing in the entire course is billing and  pricing. Okay, we’re going to learn a lot about   billing and pricing, AWS here. But that’s just  how they waited it out. But let’s just talk about  

These four domains. So we understand what it is  that we need to know for each of these domains. So   for domain one, we need to be we need to be able  to define the AWS cloud and its value proposition,  

We need to be able to identify aspects of  Eva’s cloud economics list of the different   cloud architecture design principles, okay.  Now for security, we need to know a variety   of different AWS security services. And we need  to know the shared responsibility model, okay,  

You need to know that for every single exam, it’s  always brought up like 100 times over. But yeah,   that’s part of the security donate onto  technology, you’re going to need to know   all the core database services and also a bunch  of other AWS services. And you’re going to need  

To know global infrastructure. Okay, so we’re  talking regions, azs, and edge locations. All   right. And then on to billing and pricing. So we  need to be able to compare and contrast various   pricing models for AWS recognize the various  account structures in relation to Eva’s billing  

And pricing and identify resources available for  billing support. So that is the content outline.   So the next thing I wanted to go over with you is  the response type. So when you’re taking the exam,   you’re going to be presented questions in one  or the other format. So we have multiple choice  

And multiple responses for multiple choice, you  just choose one out of four, okay, and then for   multiple response, it’s going to be two or more  correct responses out of five or more options,   okay, but generally, I find that it’s two out of  five or three out of six. Okay. And then the last  

Thing here is white papers. So white papers are  generally core to studying for AWS, for the CCP,   however, you do not have to read a single white  paper, everything in this course covers anything   that could possibly pop up in these white papers  here. And white papers are super boring. Okay.  

But just so you know, we have the overview of  Amazon Web Services architecting for the cloud,   eight of us best practices, how AWS pricing  works, cost management in the in AWS cloud, okay,   so those are your four white papers recommended  and then a fifth one, this isn’t a white paper  

Though, but they just say compare the a of a  support plan. So you go to the webpage and you   read about the support plans. Okay, so there you  go. That is the exam guide in a nutshell. Hey,  

This is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And we are  looking at what is cloud computing, which is the   most important question on our journey to become  a certified cloud practitioner. So what I’ve done   here is I’ve pulled up the textbook definition  of cloud computing. And we will read through  

This and then I will give you a bit more context  on what is cloud computing. So Cloud computing,   from the dictionary is the practice of using a  network of remote servers hosted on the internet   to store manage and process data rather than  a local server or personal computer. Okay,  

So what does that mean? Well, to really understand  that, we need to understand on premise and cloud   providers, so now most people are using cloud  providers such as AWS, GCP, or Azure to run   their actual workloads. And prior to that everyone  was doing on premise. So what you would do with on  

Premise is you’d own the servers. So it’d be the  hardware and the software, you’d hire the people   to configure those servers and those applications,  you’d pay or rent the real estate to house all   these physical servers. And you would take all  the risk. Now on premise is still well and alive  

Today. And there’s definitely good reasons to have  an on premise solution. But a lot of companies are   now starting to use cloud providers. And so  cloud providers are like AWS, GCP, and Azure,   as I said earlier. And so here, it’s someone else  owns the servers. So you are not responsible for  

That hardware, and to different degrees, they  will configure the software layer for you,   or you have control over yourself depends on what  kind of service you’re using. They’re hiring the   IT people, and they’re watching these servers  around the clock for you. So you do not have to  

Pay for that. And someone else is paying for or  renting the real estate. So they are buying the   real estate to house these servers, which are data  centers. And now you have a shared responsibility.   So you’re responsible for configuring cloud  services and the code that you deploy on to the  

Services. And so these cloud providers are going  to take care of the rest for you. Okay, so that   is generally what cloud computing is, Hey, this  is Angie brown from exam Pro. And we are looking   at the six advantages and benefits of cloud  computing. And so this section really is about why  

Go with a cloud provider over on premise. Okay,  and so let’s jump into the first point here. So we   have trade capital expense for variable expense.  So with on prem, you’d have to pay for your data   centers, and the servers. And so that would be  an upfront cost where with a cloud provider,  

You’re paying on demand, so you only pay when you  consume those computing resources, and pretty much   nothing else. Okay. Moving on to number two, we  have benefit from massive economics of scale. So   when you’re using cloud computing, you have usage  from hundreds of 1000s of customers aggregated  

In the cloud. And so you are sharing the cost  with other customers to get unbeatable savings,   which you cannot get on prem. The next point here  is stop guessing capacity. So eliminate guesswork   about infrastructure capacities. So instead of  paying for idle or underutilized servers, you  

Can scale up or down to meet the current needs.  So where on prem, you just buy your servers,   and they would either be underutilized because  they would just be way too big for the job,   or they’re just not being utilized all the time.  So moving on to number four, increased speed and  

Agility. So with cloud computing, you can launch  resources within a few clicks, within minutes,   instead of waiting days or weeks for your it to  implement the solution on prem. Then number five,   we have stopped spending money on running a  maintaining data centers. So the idea here  

Is that if you don’t have to pay for the servers,  the IT staff and a bunch of other stuff, then you   can just focus on your customers, okay? So rather  than that heavy lifting of racking, stacking and  

Powering servers, and the last point here is go  global in minutes. So deploy your app in multi   multiple regions around the world with, with  a few clicks, provide low latency and a better   experience for your customers at minimal costs.  And so when you have an on prem environment,  

That data center is, I don’t know how many people  can afford multiple data centers. But with AWS and   cloud computing, you’re gonna have a lot more  reach. Okay, so those are the six advantages or   benefits of cloud computing. And this definitely  shows up on the exam. So you do need to know these  

Six points. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam  Pro. And we are looking at the types of cloud   computing we have three here for us. So we have  software as a service platform as a service and   infrastructure as a service. And you can see  that we have this nice pyramid here. I promise  

You It’s not a scheme scheme, it’s just a way of  showing how one is built on top of another. Okay.   So starting at the top here, we have Software as  a Service, also known as SAS. And these are for  

Customers, okay, so the idea is that you have a  completed product that that is run and managed by   the service provider. So you don’t have to worry  about how the service is maintained, it just   works and remains available. So if we had some  examples of sasses here, maybe you’d have your  

Gmail or your office 365 or your Salesforce, okay,  going down to platform as IT services is really   intended for developers, it removes the need  for your organization to manage the underlying   infrastructure and focus on the deployment and  management of your applications. So the idea here  

Is you don’t have to worry about provisioning and  configuring and understanding the hardware. Alas,   it just works. So you have an app, you push it. So  for AWS, you have Elastic Beanstalk. Then there’s   also Heroku, which is a very popular service. And  then I believe there’s one called like engines for  

Google. And then the last one on our list here  is infrastructure service. And this is really   intended for admins. And so when you’re using  AWS, GCP, or Azure, this is what infrastructure   as a services. So it’s the basic building blocks  for cloud it. So it provides access to networking  

Features, computers, and data storage space.  So you don’t worry about the IT staff, the data   centers or the hardware, but you have access to  all those resources to build whatever you want,   okay, and so obviously, a, if you wanted to build  your own platform as a service, you’d build that  

Up on top of IT infrastructure service, if you  wanted to build your own software as a service,   you could build that on top of the platform as  a service, or an infrastructure as a service.   So there you go. Hey, this is Andrew Brown  from exam Pro. And we are looking at cloud  

Computing deployment models. So there are three  different kinds here. And so we’re gonna start   with the cloud on the left hand side work on to  on prem, and then talk about hybrid. So Cloud is   where you are fully utilizing cloud computing. So  here I have a few services such as Squarespace,  

Basecamp, and Dropbox. And it is very well suited  for startups, because it’s extremely low cost.   It’s great for SAS offerings, where with on prem  or hybrid, they might never get to the size where   they need to deal with regulatory bodies, or, or  it’s just the nature of the applications are not  

That complicated. Or if it’s new projects  or companies, they don’t have red tape,   because they have existing infrastructure,  okay, and they can design to be 100% on cloud.   So now going on to on prem. So on prem is when  you are deploying resources on premise using  

Virtualization and resource management tools, and  is sometimes called private cloud, and so on prem   is still being utilized by a lot of companies  today. And generally, you will see public sector   so the government has on prem data centers, when  you’re dealing with super sensitive data, such as  

Hospitals, you have like health records, there is  an aversion to putting that into the cloud, or you   have large enterprises with heavy regulation.  So insurance companies, and I mean, these   organizations are starting to soften and start  utilizing cloud, but there are still holdouts,  

And reasons, both technical and, and business or  political reasons as to why you cannot use Cloud,   okay, then you have hybrid. And so hybrid is where  you use a combination of both cloud and on prem.   So you connect the two with hybrid services.  And so we see a lot of banks. Using this,  

We see FinTech or investment management, or even  large professional service providers. And a lot   of the reasons why is that they can adopt cloud  but they have legacy on premise environments,   or some of their customers or clients still are  not comfortable with cloud computing. So in some  

Capacity, they are using a cloud. But it’s totally  possible that if they started from day one,   they would just only use cloud. So there you can  see I have C IBC, which is a bank, then you have  

The C CPP Investment Board, that’s a Investment  Board in Canada. Then you have Deloitte, which is   a large professional service. So those are the  three cloud computing deployment models. Hey,   this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And we are  looking at ABS global infrastructure. And what  

We’re going to figure out here is where does all  this cloud computing stuff run? Okay, so we have   69 azs, within 22 geographical regions around  the world and we have lots of edge locations   more than available. azs. But what does that all  mean? So eight of us serves over a million active  

Customers in more than 190 countries and they’re  steadily expanding their Mobile infrastructure to   help customers achieve low latency and higher  throughput. And so that global infrastructure,   our region’s azs, and edge location. So a region  is just a physical location in the world with  

Multiple azs. An AZ is one or more discrete data  centers owned by AWS, and then edge locations or   data centers owned by a trusted partner of AWS  and maybe owned by AWS themselves. And so now   that we have that overview, we’re gonna jump into  those three types of infrastructure. Hey, this is  

Andrew Brown from exam Pro, and we are looking  at regions for the AWS global infrastructure.   And so a region is a geographically distinct  location, which has multiple data centers,   also known as azs for AWS. And I’ve highlighted in  red geographically distinct, because that is the  

Most important thing you need to remember about  regions. Every region is physically isolated from   an independent of every other region in terms of  location, power, and water supply. Every region   has at least two diseases. So again, an AZ is a  data center. So it has at least two data centers  

Running within that region, the largest region  for AWS, US East, so that is north Virginia. And   new services almost always become available first  in US East. And not all services are available in   all regions. Okay. So if you definitely want to  use a new feature or service via AWS, your best  

Bet is to switch over to US East, and US East one,  which again, is north Virginia is the region where   you see all your billing information. All right,  and you can just see here on the left hand side,  

I have a bunch of flags. For the countries where  these regions are run in here, I might not have   all of them in here. But I definitely have a lot  here. So you can see there’s a lot of coverage  

Here. So now that we know what a region is,  let’s just go take a look at some of the features   of regions. Okay, so I just hopped over to the  AWS website, because I just wanted to show you  

A little bit more about regions visually. And so  here we have our, they say region maps, but these   are really just a particular continent that has  a bunch of regions. So looking at North America,  

You can see we have regions on the west coast and  the East Coast. And so we have Ohio or Oregon,   North California. And we have Canada and North  Virginia here. Okay. And so you can see in Canada,   there’s only two availability zones. And they  are working on third one, it was just recently  

Announced. So AWS can always say that they  at least have two ACS in every single region,   but they’re definitely coming close to being able  to say they have at least three in every region,   which is very important because most companies  or enterprises have to run in at least three azs.  

So now going on to South America, you can see  that there is a single region here, and that is   in Brazil. And then we have over here in Europe.  So we have a few here we have London, Stockholm,   Frankfurt, Paris, and Brahim, I’m sorry if I  pronounced that wrong. I’ve forgotten already. Oh,  

And then we have Ireland. Okay, sorry, Ireland. I  know you’re you’re there as well. Okay. And then   on to Asia Pacific. So we have Mainland China,  Sydney. So I would think that that would be   Australia there Tokyo such Japan, Seoul, so that  is Korea cannot see that. But that’s another place  

In mainland China. And we have another place  in Japan. And then a Mumbai is I believe that   is India. And then we have Hong Kong. So that’s  Hong Kong. Okay. So yeah, those are the regions  

And then we just hop over here to the regional  table. This gives you an idea what services are   offered. So when we said that not all services  are available, you can kind of see that like,   for example that Amazon Connect is only available  in a few regions. So we have North Virginia and  

North Carolina, okay? And then deep lense really  is only in Northern Virginia. So again, as I said,   everything is north Northern Virginia. You can  see we have checkboxes all the way down here.   And this is also broken up based on those  geographical continents. So if I go here,  

You can see Ireland seems to be having all the  ones in Europe, and then in Asia Pacific, it   looks like I guess Singapore Singapore looks like  they have the majority of services there. Okay,   so there you go. That is hey, this is Angie brown  from exam pro and we are looking at availability  

Zones, also known as AZ. So an AZ is a data  center owned and operated by AWS in which 80   of us services run. Each region has at least two  azs and at best is getting pretty close to being  

Able to say that they have at least three ACS and  all regions. ACS are represented by a region code   followed by a letter identifier. So US East one  is region that would be North Virginia. Na is  

The data center. Okay, and so from North Virginia,  there are six azs. So you’d have a, b, c, d, e, f,   okay, then we want to just talk on the concept of  multi AZ. So this is when you’re distribute your   instances across multiple availability zones,  which allows for failover configuration for  

Handling requests when one AZ goes down. Okay,  so that is very useful. And then one more thing   to note is that the latency between availability  zones is a sub 10 milliseconds. Okay, so there,   these days, these are purposely positioned to  be exactly that far apart. Okay. And so there  

You go. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro,  and we are looking at edge locations. And this   is all about getting data fast or uploading data  fast to AWS. So an edge location is a data center  

Owned by a trusted partner of AWS, which has  a direct connection to the AWS network. These   locations serve requests for CloudFront, and  relativity three, and requests going to either   of these services will be routed to the nearest  edge location automatically. So we also have s3,  

Transfer acceleration and API, a gateway. And  the idea here is that this is where you want   to upload data quickly to AWS, you’re going to use  these two services to hit a special endpoint at an   edge location to then transfer stuff quickly via  the AWS network. Okay. So the whole takeaway from  

This is that edge locations allow for low latency  no matter where the end user is geographically   located. Alright, so we’re back on the AWS website  here where we were looking at regions earlier,   but this time, I want to give attention to  edge locations. So edge locations are the  

Little blue dots here, and you can see there  are a lot of them. Okay, and so down below,   we have an idea of how many edge locations there  are, you can see that there are a lot. So even   just in Atlanta alone, there are five. And so they  definitely outnumber availability zones. Okay,  

So just to give you an idea, those are the ones  for North America, then down below, we have just   a few there. Okay. for Brazil, then in Europe, we  have quite a few here. And then in Asia Pacific,  

We have more edge location. So there you go.  Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And   we’re going to take a look at Gov cloud. Okay.  And so Gov cloud is a very special region that   allows customers to host sensitive controlled  unclassified information and other types of  

Regulated workloads. So the Gov cloud region is  only operated by employees who are US citizens   and us or on US soil. So it’s definitely not  something that I can use. Because you have to be   a US identity and root account holders who pass a  screening process in order to use this particular  

Region. So who is this very special region for  it’s for customers, that need to architect secure   cloud solutions that comply with FedRAMP, the  Department of Justice, the US international   traffic and arms regulation, export administration  regulations, and the Department of Defense. Okay,  

So it just makes it a lot easier if you’re working  with us with these government bodies in order to   utilize cloud computing. Okay, so I just hopped  back over here on the AWS global infrastructure   regions page, because I just wanted to highlight  here, those Gov cloud region. So there actually  

Are two, there is one on us West and US East. As  far as I’m aware of, there aren’t any other Gov   clouds other than for us at this time, maybe in  the future, AWS will have it for other countries,  

But for the time being, it’s just the US. And  just to look at the Gov cloud page here in more   detailed here, you can see all the nice graphics  here for that address security and compliance.   So if you want to build something and sell it  to the government or govern government related  

Industries, by using Gov cloud, you are going  to become compliant. Okay? And that’s gonna make   business a lot easier for you. So yeah, that’s  all you need to know. Hey, this is Andrew Brown  

From exam Pro, and I’m going to show you how to  get set up with your AWS account. So here I am on   the AWS homepage, and we have two buttons that we  can click on, click the one here in the middle, or  

Click the big orange button to create our account.  I like to press the orange one. So that’s what I’m   going to go ahead and do here. Okay. Okay, great.  And so now we’re going to be presented with a form  

Here. So I’m going to go ahead here and just fill  in an email. We’re going to do Andrew, plus fresh   at exam since this is a fresh account,  okay, and I’m just going to supply Have some kind  

Of password here, I’m going to call this the exam  Pro, a fresh account. Okay. And I’m just going to   go ahead here and continue. So, now in order  to create this account, we’re going to have to   provide some additional information here. So I’m  just gonna mark this as a personal and I’m going  

To fill in this information here. Okay, and so I’m  just gonna have to go here and fill that in. Okay.   Okay, so now I have that information filled in  there. And so I’m just gonna have to check here  

To say that I agree to their customer agreement,  okay, and we can go ahead and create our account.   Now, in order to use AWS, you have to have a valid  credit card, you cannot use AWS without a credit  

Card. Okay? So that’s just something that you’re  going to have to do. So I’m going to go ahead here   and provide my credit card here. Okay. All right.  So now I have all my information filled in here.  

So I’m just gonna go ahead and verify and add.  Okay, and then now just wants to also verify   on my phone number, this is definitely something  that’s required. So I’m just going to provide my   phone number here. Okay, great. My phone numbers  in there, I’m just going to supply the security  

Check here. So we’ll just fill that in. Okay, and  then we will just send an SMS and confirm. Great,   so that text message came in here. So I’m just  going to fill in the confirmation here. 0448.  

Okay. And great. So now we’re verified. Okay, so  now we’re going to choose our support plan, we’re   definitely going to go with basic here. Great. And  so now we just have a little bit of information  

Here. Um, I don’t really need to do any of this.  I’m just ready to go sign into the console. Great.   So now that we’ve created our account, I believe  we could probably go ahead and sign up here, I’m  

Not sure if we have to confirm our email because  we did confirm by phone number. But let’s just   give it a go here and see if we can log in. Okay.  So we’ll just put that in there. I’ll just provide  

The password. Great. So we have made it into this  AWS account here. So this new account is realized.   So there you go. And maybe we’ll just have to  poke around here to see if there’s anything else  

We need to do. But yeah, we’re in good shape.  Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And   what we’re going to do now is make sure you do not  get overbuilt and there are three ways we’re going  

To do that. So there are some billing preferences,  we’re going to set, we’re going to set up a budget   Eva’s budgets, and we’re also going to create a  billing alarm. Okay, I’m just going to talk to you   also through as to like the advantages and  disadvantages of some of these things. And  

Also just make sure we do not get over billed  within our account. So the first thing I want   you to do is I want you to make your way over to  support or sorry, maybe under your account here,  

I’m going to go to my billing dashboard. And when  you get over here, I want you to click on the left   hand side here and go to billing preferences,  okay. And so we’re going to have a bunch of  

Preferences here. And they’re all really good. So  the first one is receive a PDF, invoice by email,   I would check that on receive free tier usage  alerts, this is definitely important. Because if   you have a free account, you want to know when you  are going outside that free tier, and so then you  

Just provide your email there. So I’m just gonna  do Andrew plus fresh at exam pro dotco there,   and then we have received billing alerts. Okay,  and you definitely want to turn that on. And there   is this detail billing reports down here. This  is a legacy feature. This has now been replaced  

With cost and usage reports, okay. So it’s not  necessary to turn that on, and actually do show   you how to use cost and usage somewhere in this  course here. So we will cover that. But anyway,   make sure these are all three ticked on, provide  your email and save your preferences. Okay. And  

Now you’re going to be in the loop of some of  your billing information. Okay. So now that   we have these preferences set up, let’s make our  way over to eight of us budget. So I want you to  

Go to the top here and we’re going to type in  budgets, okay. And so what budgets do is they   allow you to tell you whether you are getting over  or whether you are going over your defined budget,  

Or it’s going to also provide some forecast  costs to you as well. Okay, so now that ad   was budgets here has loaded, what I want you to do  is create a new budget, you get two free budgets,  

In AWS. So we can definitely set to there  It’s two cents per day for budgets. And so   that doesn’t sound like a lot. But if you made  your third budget, it’s going to cost you $14   per month. Okay, so for more additional ways of  tracking costs, we’re going to use billion lines,  

Which really are inexpensive or end or free. But  we’ll do budgets first, because it’s good to at   least have one budget set here for all costs. So  here, I’m just going to say, overall costs, okay.  

All right, and we will leave it monthly here,  I can’t remember if overall is one or two L’s,   I think it’s two. We want this to be a reoccurring  budget, we’re going to have a fixed cost,  

And we’re going to set it some something very  low such as $20. Okay, since we are using again,   the free tier, we should not be expecting to see  a bill for quite a while. And $20 is a good low  

Bill there. And we definitely want all costs  unblended. So this is great. And everything   is checkbox there. So we’ll go ahead here and  configure alerts. And we’re going to provide   our email against Andrew plus fresh at exam,  pro dotco. Okay. And we’ll just hit Add there,  

It’s already been added. You could also use SNS,  but we’re gonna leave that alone. And we can also   get alerted when we are approaching it. So we  haven’t surpassed 100%. But actually, I’m just  

Going to set it to 100. Because $20 to me is not a  lot. And we can do this for actual or forecasted.   And leave that for actual, okay. And I’m going to  go ahead there and create that budget. Alright,  

And so we don’t have any information here. But  if I just give it a hard refresh. So if you are,   if you are using an account where you’re doing  stuff, if you do refresh there, you’ll probably   see more information. Okay, great. So we’ve  created a budget. So now that we have our budget  

Created there, let’s go make a billing alarm for  a higher amount. Okay, so what I want you to do is   go to services and type in cloudwatch. Okay. And  once we are over here, we are going to make our  

Way over to alarms. All right. And so we’re going  to make our way over to a billing here. And what   it’s going to tell us is that we need to switch  regions, because billing metrics always live in  

US East one, okay, so generally, it’s always good  to switch to that region there. So what we’ll do   is we’ll go up to the top here and switch to  US East one. Okay. So now if we go to billing,  

We can now set our billing alarm. Okay. So, notice  down here that we get 10, free alarms, and 1000   free email notifications. So it’s definitely more  free than budgets. Okay. But budgets does have   a lot more functionality there. But you can use  definitely use both. Okay, so here, I’m creating  

A new ability alarm. And I’m just going to scroll  down here. And we can set the amount. So here,   I’m just going to set a larger amount such as  $100. And so if it’s greater or equal to that,  

Then is going to alert me. Okay, and we’ll  leave cat and estimated charges there alone,   we’ll look at some additional configuration. This  is all good. We’ll hit next. Okay. And then the   next thing is, we need it to actually notify us.  So we’re going to say add notification here. And  

Oh, I think I already had one here. So it was not  necessary, but we needed to send it to something.   So it’s going to need an SNS topic, we don’t  have one. So we’ll create a new one. Okay,  

And we’ll call this notify me. Okay, and then  I’ll just provide my email there again. Okay, and   we will hit Create topic. And then we’ll go ahead  and hit next. And we’ll just say, so this $100 100  

Bill 100 building alarm. I don’t know if it’ll let  you do spaces there. So I’m just out of habit, I   always leave out spaces. Great. And so we’re just  previewing it here. So just scroll down. This all  

Looks good. And so now we have a billing alarm.  So you know, it’s not uncommon to create multiple   billing alarms. So you could have one at 100 and  150 and 202. So you can keep track of that stuff.  

And of course, you definitely want to make use of  a diverse budgets. So you have to there that you   can utilize. So maybe once you start using your  account and you use the live we see two instances  

You just want to monitor that you create a budget  for that. But yeah, we have all bases covered   here. And the only thing that is left to do is we  need to confirm this, the email that was sent out  

To this so that our billing alarm it will take  effect Okay. All right. So um, that notification   was sent to me for the billing alarm there for  notify me, so it’s just me subscribing to that  

SNS topic. I guess we only have to do this once.  I think we add additional ones we won’t have to   confirm but I’m just gonna go ahead here and hit  confirmation okay. And so, now that is confirmed  

There, okay. And I think if I do a refresh here,  it should say that this is now different state   Okay, so just has nothing there, which is good.  So yeah, we are all set up and we don’t have to  

Worry about getting overbuilt. Alright, so there’s  a little bit more work we need to do to have our   account fully set up. So we can start working with  AWS. And what I want you to do is make your way  

Over to IBM. So just go up here and type in IBM.  If you click that there, you’ll end up in the same   place that I am here. And so we have a bunch of  recommendations here that ABS wants us to do. So  

We need to turn MFA on our root account, we need  to create individual users, because we generally   do not want to be using the root account, which  is what we’re logged in as right now. We’ll have   to set some groups and assign permissions and  apply an IM password policy. So let’s go ahead  

And do that. But just before we do, I just want  to make it easier for us to sign in. So what we   can do here is changed this URL. So just go ahead  here and customize. And we’re just gonna say exam  

Pro fresh, okay. And that is a unique name. So  if you type in something, and it says it’s not or   it’s taken through, just have to change it until  you get something that you like. So now that we  

Have that set up, let’s go turn on MFA. So we’re  going to want to turn on MFA for this account,   specifically, the root account here. And the  reason why is that let’s say someone stole your   email and password to this root account, then  they would be able to do some serious damage.  

So by turning on MFA, there’s going to be an  additional layer of security. So the idea is,   when somebody logs in, they’re gonna have to  provide an additional code based on the MFA   delivery mechanism. So just let’s go here and  hit manage MFA. Okay, and so it’s gonna pop up  

Here and just say what we’re already doing, which  is to start securing our account. And so I’m just   gonna click off there, go to MFA and activate MFA.  And so now we’re going to be presented with three  

Options. We have virtual you, UTF, and other  hardware. So virtual is going to be for mobile   devices. That’s what we’re going to do. So we’re  just going to go ahead there and hit Continue.   Okay, and what we want to do is we want to install  a compatible application on our phone. So just  

Going over here, if we scroll down, it’s going to  tell us which ones are compatible. I definitely   know authenticator is one, so I’m just going  to search for that there. Where are you? Yeah,   down here. So if you’re on Android or iPhone,  you have authy, too, or Google Authenticator.  

I’m using Google Authenticator, I find  that more easy to use. And then the idea   here is you’ll just hit show QR code. And then  using once you have authenticator installed,   you’re going to open up the authenticator app. I  know, you can’t see me doing this. So I’ll just  

Have to talk my way through it here. And there’s a  plus button in Google Authenticator, and it says,   scan a barcode. And so now I’m holding my, my  phone up to the computer there, it’s grabbed  

The code, it saved the secret. So now what I  need to do is enter in two consecutive codes. So   going down here, I’m going to enter this code in  before it expires. So this one is 786763. And then  

There’s a little wheel that is spinning, and it’s  going to then give us a new set of numbers. Okay,   and so now it is now 984816. And so I’m just going  to hit assign MFA there, and now it MFA is turned  

On. So now that we have MFA turned on, we can  make our way back to our dashboard and proceed   to the next step. So now we’re going to proceed  to create ourselves our own user, because again,  

We do not want to be using the root account, which  should be rarely used. And we should just create   ourselves a user. So we’ll hit Manage Users here,  we’re going to hit Add User, I’m going to create  

A new one called Andrew Brown, we’re going to give  it programmatic access and access to the console,   we’re going to let it auto generate a password  for us. And we’re going to make sure that it   requires a password reset the next time this user  logs in going to permissions we don’t have any  

Groups. So we’re going to create a group here. And  we’re going to call this group admin or admins,   I should say, and we’re going to give it  administrator access. Now, generally, you don’t   want to be giving too many users admin access,  because it gives you full access just like your  

Root account. But for our purposes here, this is  totally fine. It’s not unusual to have one or two   admins within your entire account. But generally  you want to set most people as power user. Okay,   and this is it gives you full access. But there  are some limitations such as you don’t have the  

Ability to manage users and groups. So power user  is a very good one here, but for this one here,   we are going to stick with admin. I’m going to  hit Create group and we are going to go ahead hit  

Next Review. And we will hit create user. And  so now what we’ll do is we’re going to get an   access key ID a secret and a password. So I’m  just going to expose those here. And I’m just  

Going to copy these off screen. Alright, and then  we will just proceed here. Okay, so I just copied   at least my password off screen here. And what  I’m going to do next is I’m going to make my  

Way back to the IM console. So just go up here  services, and we can just type in I am. Okay,   and so now we have done pretty much everything  here except for setting a password policy. So  

Just before we go ahead and set a password policy,  what I want to do is I want to log into this new   user. So we have this nice long URL here. So I  want you to copy that URL. And what we’re going  

To do is we’re going to log out and now a log  in as that new user, okay, so I’ll just go ahead   here and log out. Great. So I’m logged out here.  And so the way we can get to that page is we can  

Paste in that URL up here, which will bring us to  the console. And so you can, you can always use   that link. Or if you can remember that alias, you  can always just go to the console and type it in  

There. So my name was Andrew Brown here, I’m just  going to go off screen and grab my password. And   I’m just going to hit sign in here. Alright, and  so now I just need to reset my password here. So  

I’m going to provide the old password and we are  going to set a new password. Great. And so now   I’m logged in, not as the root user, but as a new  user I’ve created. And just one more thing here,  

I want to go back to you I am here. And the reason  I want to go back here is that I exposed my access   key and password to you. And anytime that actually  happens, we’re going to want to do is go to your  

User there. And I’m gonna go to Andrew Brown here,  and we’re gonna go to our security credentials.   And you can see that was that access key and you  saw that password. So what I can do is I can make  

It inactive, and then I can create myself another  access key. And I’m not going to show you the   secret this time around. But it’s just, you know,  anytime you accidentally share your credentials,   you’re definitely going to want to reset them  there and the password that you saw earlier,  

It doesn’t matter because I reset my password  when I logged in here. Okay, so now that is   all set up. What we will do is we will log out of  this account, and we will log back in as the root  

Account to set up a password policy. Okay, and I  just want to show you when I go to sign into the   console, it’s going to show me this filled in. And  so whenever we’re logging in as the root account,  

We actually have to click this link down below.  And so we would just type in our email here. But   if I wanted to log back in as that user,  I could just type in here exam pro fresh,  

And it would bring me back to here and I would  fill in this information. But if you’re always   logging in as the root user, I’m just gonna click  back there. It’s always your email. I know that’s  

A little bit confusing, but that’s just how it  works. And so this time around, I got the MFA,   so I can’t just log in willy nilly. So I’m just  going to use my phone, and I’m going to open up  

Authenticator, and I have to provide it that code.  Okay, so it’s those numbers again. So this one’s   gonna be 904361. I’m gonna hit submit. And so  now I’m back into my account. And we’ll make our  

Way back to I am and do that last step. And so we  just have one more thing that AWS wants us to do.   And let’s apply an IM password policy. So we’ll go  down here and click Manage password policy. And so  

What we can see is a bunch of stuff. And we really  just care about this part up here. So I’ll set   password policy. And now we can see some rules.  So you can enforce the minimum characters, you can  

Require at least one uppercase one lowercase,  at least one number require at least one of   these enable password expiration. Yeah, I could do  that. I suppose password expiration requires admin   reset, maybe not allow users to change their own  password, definitely prevent password reuse. So  

Ensure they don’t use the same password, I would  probably just crank this up as high as possible,   we’ll leave it as five. And we’ll save changes.  And so now, if we go back to our dashboard, we  

Should satisfy that entire list. And so we have so  we’ve met every requirement of AWS. So generally,   from now on, you should just log in as that  user and stay out of your account. Okay. Hey,  

This is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And now  that we’ve set up our account, I want to go   through the motions Using some of the most common  database services with you here, so you can gain   some confidence here on the platform itself. And  just to have some practical hands on experience,  

This is not going to be a very difficult section,  it’s not important for you to remember anything,   but just to again, gain confidence. And just  before we get started here, I want to make sure   that you are in the north Virginia region. Okay.  So North Virginia, also known as US East one. The  

Reason why it’s one is because there’s another  USC, which is USC two, this one is US East one,   because it came first. But based on the region  you’re in, is going to change the the offerings   that you have, because not everything is available  in every single region. Generally, they are across  

All regions. But like, if I was in Canada Central,  we have a fewer availability zones, those are data   centers, where in North Virginia, we have like  six, and if there are any new features, they’re   definitely going to be in North Virginia. So I’m  just gonna ask you to change over to that region  

And follow along with me there. Okay. So the first  thing I want you to do is I’m going to show you   how to launch a server. So a server is going to  be using EC two. So going up to services here,  

We will type in EC two. And we will make our way  over to the EC two console. So once we are here,   I want you to go ahead and launch a new instance.  So there’s a big blue button here. So we’ll just  

Hit launch instance. And now we’re going to be  presented with a bunch of options to configure   our server. So we are going to choose what OS  we want to use, we’re going to stick with Amazon  

Linux two, because it’s part of the free tier.  And saving money is a great thing when we are   learning. The next thing we need to do is choose  the size of our of our server here. So these are  

Called instance types. And so you can see that  the memory gets larger in the amount of CPUs   get larger, we’re going to stick with TT micro  because again, that’s part of the free tier and   we want to save some money. going next to instance  details, we can choose how many instances we want  

To start an instance is a server. So if you have  attendances that’s 10 servers, and we have a lot   of options here, we’re going to launch it in  our default VPC and into the default subnet, it  

Is going to be auto assigned a public IP. So it’s  going to be public facing. And we’re going to want   to create an IM role here. So what I want you to  do is go ahead and just right click here and make  

A new tab, because we want to give this a bit of  permissions. So up here, I’m just going to go to   the IM Management Console. And I want you to make  your way down and create a new role. And so we are  

Going to be presented with a bunch of options. So  we are creating a role for EC two. So we’ll select   TC two, we’re going to go to next to permissions.  And I want you to type in SS M and I want you to  

Use Amazon easy to roll for SSM. SSM is simple  SYSTEMS MANAGER. And that’s going to be a way for   us to actually log into that machine. Okay. And so  we’re going to get here and I’m just gonna say a  

My easy to roll. And I want you hit Create roll.  And so now that roll has been created. And we   will just go ahead and close that tab there and we  will drop this down, you can see that says none,  

So we’ll hit the refresh button here. And we’ll  choose my EC to roll. So now we have that,   that set up, we are going to leave everything  else blank. And I want you to go to storage. So   here you can choose how much storage you want.  It’s gonna have eight gigabytes by default,  

You change the volume type, we’re gonna stick with  general purpose. And we’re going to go review and   launch. And we are going to hit launch. And it’s  going to ask you to create a key pair. And so  

Key pairs are used to get into the server. But we  actually don’t need one because we are using SSM,   which is another way of logging into the server.  So we’re going to proceed without a key pair.  

Okay, I will just say I acknowledge that I will  not be able to connect to this instance, unless   I already know the built in password, which is not  true because we can get through SYSTEMS MANAGER,   but we will go ahead and launch this instance.  Alright, and so this instance is now launching.  

In order for us to see it, you can either go view  instances, we’ll just click that down below here.   Alright, and so now this instance is launching,  and you’re gonna see a pending state, and we’re  

Waiting for two status checks to pass. So this is  going to turn from yellow to green. And then we’re   going to wait for this to initialize. And once  that’s done here, I’ll see you here in a moment,  

Go. Okay, so after a short Wait here, I think I  waited about three to four minutes. Our server is   now running and it also has two checks. So that  means that the server is in good shape. So now  

That our server is running, we’ll just take a peek  down here, because we get a variety of different   information such as when it was launched. The  Im role, the security group that is in which  

Was the default one what size it was, and we can  see that it has a public IP address and private   IP addresses. Okay, so now that the server is  ready Running, this is a costing us money. Now  

We are on the free tier. So I guess technically  it’s not. But if we wanted to shut this down,   and we’re not going to shut it down just yet, but  I’m just showing here that we would just go here  

To terminate, and that would shut the server down.  And then we would no longer be paying for it,   we could also stop the instance. And that wouldn’t  destroy it, but it would not have it not running   more. And we’d also be saving money, okay, so  whether you stop or terminate that instance,  

Will ensure that you save money. So now that this  is done, let’s actually learn how to get access   to this instance. Alright, so there’s a couple  different ways we can get into this instance.  

One way is using SSH. So if we had created that  key pair, we could have used it to get into that   server here. Or we can use simple SYSTEMS MANAGER,  sessions manager, which is the my preferred way,  

And AWS, AWS is recommended way, which is what  we’re going to do. But just before we go head over   to SSM, I want you to right click here and just  go to connect. And you can see that it’s actually  

Giving you instructions. So if you had downloaded  that key pair, you would have to jump on it,   you would have had to do a bunch of other stuff.  So you have to use SSH and provide that key to  

Get into it. So there are instructions there.  There’s also this easy to instance Connect. And   so this is another way to connect, I’m not sure if  it would let us in here without our our key pair,  

But I’ll just give it a go here. And it did. So  this is one way this is actually I guess the third   way to access it. So actually, I’m in the server  right now. But the way I want to show you how to  

Get in is via simple SYSTEMS MANAGER. So I’m just  gonna go ahead there and close that I want you to   go the top here and type in SSM, which is for  simple SYSTEMS MANAGER, even though they never  

Display the simple word there anymore, definitely  as part of the name. And then once we are over   here, I want you to go to the left hand side and  go to a session manager. And we’re going to start  

A session. And so we can see we have our instance.  So remember when we created that Im role and we   set it with that SSM UCT roll that was so that  we could use sessions manager. And the advantage  

Here of using sessions manager, it’s going to log  every time somebody uses a session. So I just hit   start on that session there. And so it’s very  similar to that other Connect screen here. And  

It actually logs in as the root user not too easy  to user, which is a bit frustrating. So we’d have   to do sudo Su, EC to hyphen user. And now we are  the correct user. And we are within this instance.  

So you know, that’s how you gain access to it,  we’re not really going to be doing much with this   instance, today. So I want you to go ahead and  terminate this instance, or sorry, that session   there. But that session history is recorded.  So by forcing everyone to use sessions manager,  

You’re going to have a bit more visibility over  what’s going on with these machines. Whereas SSH,   might not provide that same visibility without you  manually putting that effort in there. Okay. But   we’ll make our way back to the EC two console  here. So just type in EC two here again. And  

Once we are here, I want you to go on the left  hand side two instances. And so here we can see   our server. So we now know how to get into this  machine. And I would say that, we probably want  

To go ahead and stop this instance here. So I want  you to go ahead and just stop it. Okay. And that   way, it’s not going to cost us anything. And now  we can do our next step, which is to create an  

Ami. Alright, so now we’re going to learn how  to create an ami and you can think of an ami   as like a snapshot or like saving a copy of your  entire server. So what you’re going to do is go up  

To the mixer, the instance is selected there go  to actions, we’re going to go to image here and   create an image now we could create an image,  whether this is stopped or running, if it was   terminated, the server wouldn’t exist anymore,  so there would be nothing to create an image of,  

We’ll go ahead here and create an image. And we  are going to have to provide it some information.   So I’m just going to call this fresh hyphen  000. Okay, and then you can see that it has  

An instance volume. And so that is the hard drive  that’s attached there. And we’re just gonna leave   it as the default settings and create an image.  And so now it’s creating the image and it’s view   pending image creation. So we’ll click on this  blue link here. And we’ll just wait until that  

Is created now doesn’t take too long. The idea  here is now once we have an ami if we wanted   to launch another copy of this us the server,  we’re just going to have to hit launch here okay,  

But the real reason I wanted to do to set up  this ami was because we are going to next set   up an auto scaling group and we’re going to need  an ami to do that. Okay, so I’ll just see you  

Here in a little bit Once this is done, and I just  wanted to show you here that it is done. Alright,   and so now if we wanted to launch a version of the  server, we could hit launch. And it’s going to go  

To the second step. So if we go back here, you  can actually see that it chose fresh 000. So if   we were to proceed through this, it’s a way for us  to upgrade our server or make other changes to it,  

Or just so that we have a copy of it, so we can  launch multiple servers. And just to get back   to the AMI there, I’m just gonna click on left  hand side here. But yeah, that’s all we need to  

Know for ami, and we’ll move on to auto scaling  group. Alright, so now that we’ve created an ami,   we are ready to make an auto scaling group. So  down below, I want you to go to auto scaling  

Groups. And so what an auto scaling group does is  it allows you to ensure that multiple instances   or servers are running. So if you always wanted  to guarantee that one server is running an auto  

Scaling group would have a rule that would check  to say, is at least one running and if not then   launch a new server. Also, auto scaling groups  are used to meet the demand of whatever traffic  

You have. So let’s say you have a web application  or website and it’s getting a lot of traffic, and   it’s going to need more servers will auto scaling  groups will determine based on certain metrics,   that the the web application needs more servers,  and it will spin up more servers. And when  

The the demand of traffic becomes lower than it’s  going to remove servers to meet the demand. Okay,   so what we’ll go ahead and do here is  create a new auto scaling group. And oh,   they just change this ami. So I’m a little bit  confused. But we’ll just hit getting started,  

I think that’s just a bit of a thing there. And  then we’re going to choose our ami. So this is   very similar to launching a situ instance. But we  already have our own ami. So I’m gonna go to my  

Am eyes, I’m just going to select that fresh one  there. And we’re going to stick with T to micro,   we’ll go next, we’re going to have to name it  this launch configuration. So we’ll just name  

This fresh LC, we’re going to use the my EC t roll  there, we’re going to go ahead and add storage.   The defaults look great there, the security groups  look right there. And we are going to create  

Launch configuration and we are going to drop the  down proceed without a key pair. Because we don’t   need one, we’re going to create that launch  configuration. So now that we’ve created the   launch configuration, we can go ahead and create  the auto scaling group. So we’re going to call  

This one fresh as G is CS for auto scaling group,  we’re going to set the group size to one. So the   number of instances the group should have at any  time. So at minimum how many servers should be  

Running, then we have to have a, a network or a  VPC. And we need to choose some subnets. So we’re   going to choose one and then we’re going to choose  a another one here. Okay, we just need a couple  

There, I’m just gonna check advanced details,  this all looks great. We’re going to configure   our scaling policies, scaling policies are ways  rules that you can use to determine how the auto   scaling group should react to changes within  its environment, right. So if you have a lot of  

CPU utilization, maybe that’s when it spins up  servers, maybe it’s only when there’s a lot of   data transfer in or when there’s a lot of memory.  So that’s what’s going policies allow you to do,   then we’ll go to notifications, then we’ll go to  tags. And then we will review. And we’ll go ahead  

And create that auto scaling group. Okay. So it  says that auto scaling group has been created,   we’ll hit close. and here we can see our fresh,  fresh HSG. and choosing our launch configuration,   which is our fresh LC, currently, there are zero  instances running, the desired capacity is one,  

The minimum servers that should be running as one,  the maximum servers that should be running is one,   okay. So if we just move this up here and go to  instances, it should try to start spinning up  

Servers to meet the minimum demand, which is one.  So I’m going to hit a refresh here. And I’m just   kind of expecting to see a server starting here.  If we’re not seeing one here just yet. What I want  

You to do is right click here on instances, and  go here. And I bet you a server is starting up.   So I don’t see any servers running here as of  yet. Okay, so I’m just gonna hit refresh here,  

Because usually, they would just start spinning  up here. But yeah, we’ll just give this here a   little moment here, because maybe it’s just  taking some time to get started. So yeah,   we just had to wait even just a minute there.  And I just hit refresh. And already we can see  

That this is now one. And under our instances,  it is launching a new instance ID. So or sorry,   an instance that’s just the ID of the instance.  So if we go back to our instance tab, and we just  

Do a refresh here, we can see a another instance  is spinning up. Okay. So what we’re going to do   is we’re going to just wait for that instance to  start. And once once it does, we’ll move on to the  

Next step. Alright, so after waiting a few minutes  here, our instance is now started here. I’m just   going to select this one off here, but this is  the instance here that is running. That’s part   of our auto scaling group. So Again, we said that  auto scaling groups, they can ensure that there’s  

Always at least a minimum of servers running.  And so if we were to terminate this instance,   so I’m just going to go ahead and terminate it,  what’s going to happen is, once it shuts down,   we’re gonna go back to our auto scaling group,  it’s going to detect that this one is no longer  

Healthy. Okay, so see over here that says healthy  right now. But it will after a while, determine   that it is unhealthy, and then what it will do as  a response, it’s going to launch a new instance.  

So we’re just going to wait here for a little bit  until this is now flagged unhealthy, okay. All   right. And so we can now see that this instance  is unhealthy. And so the way this auto scaling  

Group is going to respond is by launching a new  instance. So now, we’re just going to wait here   a little bit and just keep on hitting this refresh  button until we see another instance spinning up   to replace this unhealthy one. Okay, so I just hit  the refresh here. And so that unhealthy instances  

Gone. And so I guess what we’re just going  to wait for here is now a healthy instance,   to replace that unhealthy one. So just to get back  to that, that minimum of one server running. Okay,  

So we’ll just go ahead here and just refresh. And  so there we go. So we can see that we have a new   server that is starting up. So we’ll just wait  until that one is totally set up here. And we’ve  

Now accomplished what we wanted with auto scaling  groups, and we will just destroy this auto scaling   group. Alright, so our replacement instance is now  healthy and in service. So what I want to do is go   ahead and remove this auto scaling group. Now  I believe that when we delete this auto scaling  

Group, it’s going to take down the instance as  well. So we’re not going to have to delete that.   So I’m just going to go ahead here and delete the  auto scaling group. And we’re going to say yes.  

Okay, and so we are going to just watch that  delete there and hit refresh there. And also,   since we have that instance, tab open, we’ll  hit refresh here. And so we have that instance   running. So what we’re hoping to see is that this  instance is torn down when we have deleted this  

Auto scaling group. So we’ll just wait here a  little bit and see what happens. All right. And   so if we were to do a few refreshes there, it  indeed is shutting down that instance, that was   spun up by the auto scaling group. So when you  delete your auto scaling group, it’s going to  

Take down those instances as well. So you know,  that’s it for the auto scaling group section,   and we can move on to elastic load balancer. Hey,  this is Angie brown from exam Pro, and we are  

Going to learn about elastic load balancers, also  known as EBS. And what they do is they allow you   to put a load balancer in front of your instances.  And the idea is that when traffic comes into your   web application, it’s going to flow flow through  the load balancer, and it’s going to evenly  

Distribute that traffic to multiple instances.  And your instances generally will be running in   different availability zones. So if one AZ becomes  unavailable, then your traffic will then go to the   other AZ where you have an instance running,  so you do not experience downtime. And your  

Web application remains running. Okay, so now that  we have an idea what lbs are, let’s go ahead and   launch a few instances so that we have something  to load balance to. And so I’m going to choose  

Amazon Linux two here, we are going to stick with  the TT micro because it is free, I want you to   select a two instances here, okay. And we’re  going to leave all the settings alone, maybe  

We’ll give Iam role we do not need to SSH into or  sorry use SSM to get into that instance, but it   doesn’t hurt to attach it there, we’re gonna leave  storage alone, we’re going to go past tags, we’re  

Going to go to our security groups, I’m going to  set it to an existing one and use the default one,   every time you create an instance, it seems like  it really encourages me to keep making new scritti  

Groups, we don’t need to have a bunch of these.  So we will just go and use the existing one. And   I’m going to review and then launch, I’m going  to drop down here and proceed without a key pair  

Because we don’t need a key pair. And so now these  instances are going to start up here. And I’m   just going to wait until they get into a running  state with two status checks. And we’ll go ahead  

And create our EOB. Alright, so our two instances  already here and I just want to go ahead and give   them a name. So I’m going to just call this one  instance a and then we will call this one instance  

B. Okay. And now that I have those two instances,  let’s go make our way over to load balancing   here. It’s under the ECG console. And so we will  click here. And what we will do is we will create  

Ourselves a new load balancer. Now there are three  types of load balancers. We have application load   balancer, network load balancer and classic load  balancer. We are going to be using application   load balancer here and that’s generally what  you’re going to be wanting to use. We are going  

To type in a lb Or maybe my al v here, it will be  internet facing. Okay, we need to ensure that it’s   running in at least two availability zones, or  it’s going to complain to us. So we will go ahead  

And do that, we will go to the next step here,  we aren’t using SSL or HTTPS, so we don’t have   to do anything here. For security groups, we will  use the existing security group the default one,   so that’s totally fine. And for configuring  routing, we’re going to have to create a new  

Target group, a target group contains a reference  or a reference to the instances which we want to   route traffic to. So we are just going to make a  new one, I had to say my target group here. And we  

Can route things to different things. So it could  be instances or specific IPS, or lambdas. So we’re   going to stick with instances. And we’re going to  go ahead here and register those targets. so here  

We can see we have instances here, I’m just going  to select them and add to register. So now they   are registered up here, we’re going to hit next.  And then we are going to go ahead and create Okay,  

And so it takes very little time for load balancer  to create, we will then hit close here. And this   load balancer is now just provisioning. So we’re  just going to wait here a little while until  

This is provisioned. And you just have to hit the  refresh here, and see when this is ready. Alright,   so our load balancers ready didn’t really take  that long, it took about a minute or so. And so  

Just to poke around here, you can see that this  load balancer here has a DNS name, okay, so this   DNS name, just looks like a domain name. And the  way you would route your traffic to the elastic  

Load balancer is you would actually point it to  here. Okay, and so all the traffic would go here,   and then it would then go on to the listeners,  and the listeners listen on a particular port.  

So this is Port 80. And then it’s going to then  have rules, which is going to forward this traffic   to that target group. If we click into this  target group here, alright, what it’s going to do  

Is it’s going to show us the actual targets. So if  we go over here and look at targets, it’s going to   then route it to the registered targets. So that’s  how an elastic load balancer works. And that’s all  

We really need to know for this, but just to show  you how to make an elastic load balancer. So now   that we’re done here, let’s go tear this stuff  down. So we’ll go ahead here and we will just  

Go delete this load balancer. Now, unlike the auto  scaling group, which would actually tear down the   instances, we have to take these instances down  ourselves. And so what I want you to do is select  

A and b here, and we are just going to terminate  these here. Okay, and that is our elastic load   balancer section. Alright, so we’re gonna learn  a little bit about s3 here. So what I want you to  

Do is go to services here and type in s3. And we  will go make our way over to the s3 console here.   And so the first thing I want you to notice that  when you come to s3, that it is global here. So s3  

Does not require a region selection. However, the  buckets that we’re going to create will be region   specific. And the idea here is a bucket is just  a place to contain your files. Okay. So we will  

Just create a bucket here, and we’re going to give  it a name, I’m going to call this exam pro fresh.   Now these names are globally unique. It’s just  like selecting a domain name. So if the name you  

Have here selected is not available, you’ll just  have to change the name. And we have the option   to choose choose the region. So I’m going to go  ahead here and create this bucket. So now I have  

A bucket, and we can start uploading files to this  bucket. So I’ll go ahead here and just hit upload.   And what I’m going to do is I’m just going to add  some files. And so for my desktop, I have a photo  

Of me, I’m going to hit open here, I’m going to  upload that there. And so now we have a, a file   here in s3, okay, and so if I want to download  it, I can just hit that download button there.  

And that will allow us to download that file. And  there’s a variety of different things that you can   do in s3, but that is just the most basic things  you need to know about s3, okay, but we aren’t  

Going to delete this bucket because we’re going to  use it in combination with our next thing, which   is using CloudFront. Okay, so I’ll just gonna make  my way back here to the homepage here. And we’ll  

Move on to the next part. Alright, so we’re going  to take a look at CloudFront. So CloudFront is   used as a CDN, a content distribution network. And  the idea here is let’s say you have files, static  

Files or video files that you want to share across  the world. But you want those to load as quickly   as possible and make the shortest route to the  end user. And that is where CloudFront, which is   a content content distribution network comes in.  So it’s going to take whatever your static content  

Is. It’s going to then copy it to multiple edge  locations around the world. And so when someone   tries to access your content, it’s going to go  to that nearby edge location, as opposed to going   really far away to get that content. So let’s  make our way over to CloudFront here, so drop down  

Services and type in CloudFront. Okay. And we will  make our way over here. And we’re going to need   to create ourselves a distribution. And we’ll just  get started here. And I want you to drop this down  

And just choose that s3 bucket that we created.  Okay. And pretty much all the settings here are   totally fine. So we’re just going to go down  below here and create that distribution. Okay,   and creating distributions take quite some time  to to happen. But the idea there is remember Hi,  

Upload that one file to my bucket there.  So what this distribution is going to do,   it’s going to copy that file and then move it to  all those servers around the world. So that now   my content is a super fast, okay. And just like  elastic load balancer, where it had a DNS name,  

Where you could hit it like a domain name to  access those instances. CloudFront is similar. So   here, we have a domain name here, so your traffic  would hit this domain name, and then it would then   route your traffic to the nearest edge location.  Okay. So that’s all there really is to it here,  

Distributions take a really long time to create.  So we don’t really need to wait for this to   complete. So I’m going to just disable this here,  okay. And it’s going to just disable and once it’s   disabled, you can delete it, even if you don’t  delete it, it’s not going to cost you anything  

Here because it will be disabled. But yeah, once  it’s done disabling, you can go ahead and select   it and then delete it. Alright, so that’s alright,  so now we’re going to look at RDS which stands for   relational database service. And it is for setting  up relational databases. So I want you to make  

Your way over to the RDS console. So go to the top  here and type RDS. And we’ll click that. And once   we’re here in the console, we’re going to create  ourselves a new database. So on the left hand side  

Here, go to databases, and then create a database.  And we’re going to be presented with quite a few   options here. Okay, and so by default, it has the  Amazon Aurora engine selected, this is one of the  

Most expensive options, so we definitely do not  want to use that. So we will just use Postgres   for our case here. And the next thing is we have  some templates to get started here. And so we have  

Production, dev test and free tier. And these are  all suited for different needs. So the idea with   production is, if you are a larger, a very, very  large company, they’re setting you up with every   Bell and whistle under the sun here, we’re def  test is for small to medium size companies. And  

Free tier is definitely just for a gain hands  on experience, which is what we’re doing here,   or just for testing simple application. So I just  want to show you the price difference here. So  

They have a calculation down below. So if I scroll  all the way down below here, you can see that for   production, it’s $600 a month, which is quite  a bit of money. And then if we have a dev test,  

And we scroll down here, now it’s $262, still  quite expensive. And then we go the free tier   and now there is no cost shown because it is  free, okay, but you only get 750 hours on RDS,  

And so on for a T two micro and then once that  is used up, then if you use the T to micro for   a month, it will cost you around $15 per month.  And again, if you are a very small startup,  

You can run on the free tier and the lowest tier  for quite a while. But you know, for some reason,   AWS decides to always have the most expensive  one selected here with RDS so we just have to  

Be careful there. So let’s go to free tier because  it is the use case for us. We have the DB instance   identifier, we’ll leave that alone, that’s  totally fine. We need to set a password so I’m  

Just going to type in Postgres 123. Okay, and then  Postgres 123. Then you have your DB instance size,   we of course want to leave it on T to micro  here, because we want to have the smallest   instance there’s nothing smaller. There’s no nano  here on RDS litc to then we choose our storage,  

It’s set to 20 gigabytes, there is auto scaling  for storage, so it will automatically increase   the size of that runs out. I have to turn that  off. Because we don’t need that you have your   multi AZ you can determine where this RDS  should launch, like what VPC, we’re gonna  

Leave in the default. For database authentication,  we can use the standard password authentication,   or if you want to allow Im users to authenticate  directly. You can use that which is pretty   cool. I’m just going to leave it to password  authentication. And then we have additional  

Configuration which you definitely want to set.  So you have your initial database name. So if you   do not specify database name RDS does not create  a database. So I’m pretty sure we want to create  

A database So we’re gonna have to name this here.  So I’m gonna call this exam Pro, fresh, okay? And   we’re going to turn backups off. Okay? And oh, I  guess apparently, I can’t use a hyphen there. So  

I’ll just remove that. Actually, it looks like  I can use an underscore. And so but anyway,   so if we turn this off to zero days, that means  it’s not going to take a snapshot right away,  

Or a backup right away, it’s going to launch a lot  faster. And we’re not doing much with a server. So   you know, let’s just get through this as quickly  as possible. We don’t need performance insights,  

I’m going to turn that off as well. And, yeah, we  were all good to go. So we’ll go ahead and create   that database. Okay, and so we’re just going to  wait for the creation of that database there.  

And it will just take a little bit of time here.  And we’ll be back in a moment. Alright, so now   our database is available here. And you can just  see when clicking into it, that we get stuff such  

As the CPU usage currently, and how many current  connections are connected to this database here.   Now, in order to actually access this database,  you’d have to assemble all the requirements. So   you’d have to use this endpoint, you’d need  this port number, we need the database name,  

Username, password, which we had set earlier.  And then you could use a traditional tool, maybe   table plus or something to make a connection and  start using that database. Okay. But, you know,   for our purposes, it was just a matter of showing  how easy it is to create a database here. And so  

Now that we have created our own database, let’s  go ahead and just destroy that database. Okay.   And so I’m going to go ahead here, and I just  have to type in, delete me. Okay, and that’s RDS  

For you. So this will just delete here, I’m just  gonna hit refresh. And we’re totally good here,   I’m just gonna go back to the management. So we’re  gonna take a look at a with lambda here and see  

How to run a lambda function. So what I want you  to do is go to the top here to services and just   type in a lambda. And we’ll make our way over to  the lambda console. And once we’re in here, I want  

You to go ahead and create a new function. And we  are going to author one from scratch. So I’m just   gonna say a my lambda, okay, and we have a bunch  of different runtimes that we can choose here,  

We have no GS, etc, I’m gonna choose Ruby, because  that’s my language of choice, we’re going to drop   down here, and we are going to have it create  us a new role with basic lambda permissions so  

That it can write to cloud watch logs, and we’re  going to go ahead and create that function. Okay,   great. So that function has now been set up  here for us. And if we just scroll down here,  

You can see that we have this nice little inline  editor that allows us to work on our function,   okay. And so the big benefit of lambda, it’s,  you don’t have to worry about the the servers,  

You just write your code, and it will run. The  trade off here is though, that these only run for   a small amount of time. So lamda can only run for  up to 15 minutes, but generally they’re they only  

Run for one second or less. That’s definitely how  they’re used. Let’s go ahead here. And let’s just   put a puts in here. So I can just say hello world,  just so we can see that our lambda works. And what  

We can do here is we can go up and make a test.  So I’m just gonna go ahead here and make a test.   And we already have one here called hello world.  And I’m just going to type this in again, hello,  

World. Here, oh, maybe I have to do this. And I’m  just gonna hit Create there. So now I have a test.   And I’m just going to go ahead and hit test there.  And we can see that it succeeded. And we got a  

Status code. So this is what it would return.  And if we were to go check the logging here,   if we were to go to monitoring here, all right,  we should be able to see that that puts that we  

Have there. Okay, so we just click on this button  here, view logs in cloud watch. And we can see   that lambda ran there. And you know, the reason I  don’t have any output here is I forgot to hit Save  

There really finicky about that. And now if I hit  test, okay, it’s worked. And now the output here   actually has HelloWorld. Okay, so that’s from the  logs. And if I go back here and give this a hard  

Refresh here, okay, I might have to go back one  step here because now it’s in this one up here,   and we should have our, our puts, click the right  one. Maybe just says, oh, there it is. Okay,  

So I’ve just been patient here, but it showed  up. So there you go. So you can see lambdas are   pretty darn simple. And just going back here  up To the function lambdas get triggered from  

A variety of different services. So if you want  to add a trigger, you can go here and drop down   and choose a service. So you could have it. So  anytime something is inserted into dynamodb,   it would then trigger that lambda function or  from a variety of things. Okay, and there’s  

Even integration with third party, third party,  Amazon partners. Okay. So yeah, that’s all we   need to know for lambda. So we’re going to take a  look at the ECP pricing model. And there are four   ways we can pay with EC two, we have on demand  spot, reserved and dedicated. And we’re going to  

Go through each section and see where each one  it makes sense. So we’re going to take first a   look at on demand pricing. And this is whenever  you launch an EC two instance, it’s going to by   default use on demand, and so on demand has no  upfront payment, and no long term commitment,  

You’re only charged by the hour or by the minute  is going to vary based on ecsu instance type. And   that’s how the pricing is going to work. And you  might think, okay, what’s the use case here? Well,   on demand is for applications where the workload  is short term spike, you’re unpredictable,  

When you have a new app for development, or you  want to just run an experiment, this is where   on demand is going to be a good fit for you.  So we’re taking a look at reserved instances,  

Also known as r i, n, these are going to give you  the best long term savings. And it’s designed for   applications that have steady state predictable  usage or require reserved capacity. So what you’re   doing is you’re saying to AWS, you know, I’m gonna  make a commitment to you, and I’m gonna be using  

This over next period of time, and they’re gonna  give you savings. Okay, so this reduced pricing   is going to be based on three variables, we  have term class offerings, and payment options.   And we’ll walk through these things to see how  they all work. So for payment options, we have  

Standard convertible and scheduled standard is  going to give us the greatest savings with 75%,   reduced pricing. And this is compared to  obviously to on demand. The thing here though,   is that you cannot change the ri attributes,  attributes being like instance type, right?  

So whatever you have, you’re you’re stuck with  it. Now, if you needed a bit more flexibility,   because you might need to have more room to  grow in the future, you’d look at convertible,   so the savings aren’t going to be as great,  we’re looking at up to 54%. But now you have  

The ability to let’s say, change your instance  type to a larger size, you can’t go smaller,   but you can always go larger, and you’re  going to have some flexibility there,   then there’s scheduled and this is when you need  to reserved instances for a specific time period.  

This could be the case where you always have a  workload that’s predictable every single Friday   for a couple hours. And the idea is by telling  AWS that you’re going to be doing out on schedule,   they will give you savings there that’s going to  vary. The other two things is term and payment  

Options. So terms is how long are you willing  to commit one year or three year contract, the   greater the terms, the greater the savings, and  you have payment options. So you have all upfront,   partial upfront and no upfront, no friends, the  most interesting one, because you could say, you  

Know, I’m going to use a server for a year, and  you and you’ll just pay at the end of the month.   And so that is a really good way of saving money.  Right off the bat, a lot of people don’t seem to  

Know that. So you know, mix those three together.  And that’s going to change the the outcome there.   And I do here have a graphic to show you that you  can select things and just show you how they would  

Estimate the actual cost for you. A couple things  you want to know about reserved instances that   can be shared between multiple accounts within a  single organization and unreserved, our eyes can   be sold in the reserved instance marketplace. So  if you do buy into one or through your contract,  

You’re not fully out of luck, because you can  always try to resell it to somebody else who   might want to use it. So there you go. So  now we’re taking a look at Spa instances,   and they have the opportunity to give you the  biggest savings with 90% discount compared to on  

Demand pricing. There are some caveats, though. So  eight of us has all this unused compute capacity,   so they want to maximize utility of their idle  servers. It’s no different than when a hotel   offers discounts to fill vacant suites, or when a  plane offers discounts to fill vacant seats. Okay,  

So they’re just easy to answer this is lying  around, it would be better to give people   discounts then for them to do nothing. So the only  caveat though is that when you use spot instances,  

If another customer who wants to pay on demand  a higher price wants to use it and they need to   give that capacity to that on demand user. This  instance can be terminated at any given time,   okay? And that’s going to be the trade off. So  just looking at termination termination conditions  

Down below. instances can be terminated by Avis at  any time. If your instance is terminated by AWS,   you don’t get charged for the partial hour of  usage. But if you were to terminate an instance,   you will still be charged for any hour that it  ran. Okay, so there you go. That’s the little  

Caveat to it. Um, but what would you use spot  instances for if it can if these incidents could   be interrupted anytime? Well, they’re designed  for applications that have flexible Start and   End Times or applications that are only feasible  at very low compute costs. And so you can see,  

I pulled out the configuration graphic  when you make spot. So it’s saying like,   Is it for load balancing workloads, flexible  workloads, big data workloads are defined   duration workloads. So you can see there is some  definitions as to what kind of utility you would  

Have there. But there you are. So we’re taking  a look at dedicated hosting, which is our most   expensive option with EC two pricing models. And  it’s designed to meet regulatory requirements when   you have strict server bound licensing that won’t  support multi tenancy or cloud deployments. So to  

Really understand dedicated hosts, we need to  understand multi tenant versus single tenant.   So whenever you launch an EC two instance, and  choosing on demand or or any of the other types   beside dedicated hosts, it’s multi tenant, meaning  you are sharing the same hardware as other AWS  

Customers, and the only separation between you and  other customers is through virtualized isolation,   which is software, okay, then you have single  tenant and this is when a single customer has   dedicated hardware. And so customers are separated  through physical isolation. All right. And  

So to just compare these two, I think of multi  tenant is like everyone living in an apartment,   and single tenant is everyone living in a house.  Right? So, you know, why would we want to have our   own dedicated hardware? Well, large enterprises  and organizations may have security concerns or  

Obligations about sharing the same hardware with  other AWS customers. So it really just boils down   to that with dedicated hosts. It comes in an on  demand flavor and a reserved flavor. Okay, so you   can save up to 70%. But overall, dedicated hosts  is way more expensive than our other ACP pricing  

Options. So we’re on to the CPU pricing cheat  sheet. And this one is a two pager, but we’ll make   our way through it. So EC two has four pricing  models, we have on demand spot reserved instances,   also known as RI and dedicated looking first at  on demand, it requires the least commitment from  

You. It is low cost and flexible. You only pay  per hour. And the use cases here are for short   term spiky, unpredictable workloads, or first time  applications, it’s going to be ideal when you want   workloads that cannot be interrupted, whereas  in spot, that’s when you can have interruption  

And we’ll get to that here shortly. So onto  reserved instances, you can save up to 75% off,   it’s gonna give you the best long term value.  The use case here are steady state or predictable   usage. You can resell unused reserved instances  and the reserved instance marketplace the reduced  

Pricing is going to be based off of these three  variables terms class offering and payment option.   So for payment terms, we have a one year or  a three year contract. With payment options,   we can either pay all upfront, partial upfront  or no upfront. And we have three class offerings,  

We have standard convertible and scheduled. So for  standard we’re gonna get up to 75% reduced pricing   compared to on demand. But you cannot change those  ri attributes meaning like, if you want to change   to a larger instance type, it’s not going to be  possible, you’re stuck with what you have. If you  

Want a bit more flexibility we have convertible  where you can get up to 54% off, and you get that   flexibility. As long as those ra attributes are  greater than or equal in value, you can change   those values, then you have scheduled and this is  used. This is for reserved instances for specific  

Time periods. So maybe you want to run something  once a week for a few hours. And the savings here   are gonna vary. Now on to our last two pricing  models, we have spot pricing, which is up to  

90% off, it’s gonna give you the biggest savings.  What you’re doing here is you’re requesting spare   computing capacity. So you know, as we said  earlier, it’s like hotel rooms where they’re   just trying to fill the vacant suites. If you are  if you’re comfortable with flexible Start and End  

Times spot price is going to be good for you. The  use case here is if you can handle interruption,   so servers randomly stopping and starting, it’s a  very good use case is for non critical background   jobs. instances can be terminated by ABS at any  time. If your instance is terminated by ATMs,  

You won’t get charged for that partial hour  of usage. If you terminate that instance,   you will be charged for any hour that it ran  in. Okay. And the last is dedicated hosting,   it’s the most expensive option and it’s just  dedicated servers okay? And so it can be can be  

Utilized and on demand or reserves you can save up  to 70% off. And the use case here is when you need   a guarantee of isolette hardware. So this is like  enterprise requirements. So there you go. made it  

All the way through ECP pricing. Alright, so there  are many AWS services that do not incur a cost and   so these are free services. So for example I am,  which is used for creating users and groups and   roles to access a different resources, creating  any of those components of IBM are not going  

To incur a cost. So I am is essentially a free  service where you have these other services which   are free, such as auto scaling cloud formation  Elastic Beanstalk everything in this blue box,   but they can provision other AWS services,  which costs money. So, on the exam, I would  

Not be surprised if you come across a question,  which kind of implies that cloudformation might   incur a cost, but you just need to know that the  service itself is free, but it can provision other   services. Okay, so I’ve highlighted in bold here,  two services, which I think would most likely show  

Up on the exam. But I’ve given you more of a full  list of things that definitely do not cost money.   So there you go. So each of us has four different  support plans to help you out when you need it.  

And when you first make an AWS account, you by  default are in the basic support plan. And this is   going to give you access via email for billing and  account information. So let’s say you aren’t sure  

About the cost of something or you think that you  might have been overbilled or you are suspecting   that you may be overbuild. Because you might have  misconfigured, something, you have this available   to you at all tiers. But yeah, that’s the first  thing that you have access to. And so you just  

Send them an email, and they’ll help you resolve  that. Now, coming into the paid tiers, we’re   gonna start with developer starting at $20 USD,  and this is gonna give you access to technical   support via email, okay, and generally, they will  reply within 24 hours. But they do allow you to  

Choose the response time, like the nature of the  issue, which is going to determine how fast they   reply. And so we have general guidance and system  impaired, okay. Now in the developer tier, it does   not provide third party support. So let’s say you  had a web application, whether it’s Ruby on Rails,  

Or Django or express GS and is running on an EC  two instance, AWS is going to help you with easy   to instance, but they’re not going to help you  with the actual third party part, which would be,  

You know, again, rails or Django and etc. Okay.  So, so you know, that’s what’s going to be limited   to, going into the next year business was starts  at 100 USD, this is now where you’re going to have  

Access to chat and phone. And this is any time,  okay, so if you want to call them at 3am in the   morning, you can or chat with them. And generally,  it might be a bit slower to connect with them,  

But they definitely will connect with you. And  you can work through your problems, okay. So   the other advantage here is that now that you can  do chat and phone, you can also do screen sharing  

With them, so they can actually send you over a  link. And now they can see your screen, and they   can work through the problem with you. And this is  extremely useful and definitely makes the business   here, something worth purchasing, especially if  you’re running a production system. Okay, you’re  

Also going to get faster response times, in the  case of if you have a production system impaired   or down. Okay, so this might be important to you.  And so also the business tier and enterprise here  

Does support third party, okay, so on these tears,  they will make the best effort to try to help you   through things that aren’t database related to  solve your problem. Okay, so that is an additional   bonus, they’re now coming into the enterprise  account. This is the most expensive plan starting  

At 15,000 USD, it was previously 10,000. But it  was has increased that and this plan is special   because you actually get to dedicated resources,  these nysa resources, I mean people and so you get   a personal concierge and a Tam which stands for  technical account manager. And also you have a  

New response time where they can respond within  15 minutes. In the case for a business critical   system down. Okay. So um, there’s that and then we  have advisor checks. Okay, so for advisor checks   for the basic developer, we have seven, and then  for business enterprise, we get all checks. Do we  

Have another section in this course here where  we covered trusted advisor so you can see what   all those checks are. But for the exam, you’re  going to need to know the difference. pricing   for the different tiers, you’re going to need to  know those response times the 2412 for one hour,  

15 minutes, you need to know when are people  assigned your accountants only in the enterprise.   You’re going to need to know when third party  support is is there or not Yeah, so there you  

Go. So here in this follow along, I want to show  you how you would go ahead and create a case,   in AWS support, I am using the business support  plan here. And you can see that I have a bunch  

Of different support cases, I definitely have a  lot on cloud front, because it’s given us a lot   of trouble. But anyway, let’s work our way through  this and create a new case here. And then you’re  

Going to be presented with a type of case you  want to choose. So if you were on the basic tier,   technical support would be grayed out, you’d  have access to both account a billing support  

And service limit increase. So if I just click  here, you can see here, if I want to report a   billing thing, I can choose the type. So I’d say  billing, I would choose the category. So I could  

Say I have a question about the free tier. And  then you could specify the response time here,   okay, Lord, I guess they call it the severity  and you’d write your subject description, you   can attach up to three attachments there. And you  can only choose to talk to them via email. Okay,  

So we have chat and phone, but these are disabled.  But I think the real interesting thing to show you   in support here is technical support. Okay? So  with technical support, this is where we’re going   to be able to ask technical questions about Ada  services. So if I wanted to drop something down,  

And we would type in a cloud front here, because  again, I say cloud front is something we spent a   lot of time on. And then you choose the category.  And so now the category is going to narrow down  

Based on the service. And on the right hand side,  there are going to give you suggestions, okay,   but we can go through here and say I’m having  an issue with caching, okay. And then you could   choose the severity. So we’ll just leave it  general. And then sometimes they ask you to  

Provide additional information, it’s optional,  but it’s going to save them time to help you out,   you’d have to go through your account to find  those values, it’s going to change based on the   service. And then down below, we can write in  whatever we want. So I could say, I’m having  

Issues with my distribution. Okay. My cash values  aren’t showing up, aren’t being served. Okay. And   so you can choose the preferred contact here.  Now, this is very simple, you don’t get any   type of formatting or bolding. So you have to be a  bit creative to display that information. But you  

Definitely want to try to create all the steps for  them to replicate it. Okay. And then down below,   we have web chat or phone. So we’ll give chat a  try here. Okay, and I’m just going to hit submit,  

And then we will we will get here is, um, a chat  window pop up there. Okay, and so we’ll just wait   here for a little bit. Well, I just wanted to give  you actually a better example here. So I just left  

That window there and opened up a previous case I  had here on this one actually is with CloudFront,   lambda edge. And so once you are chatting with  the cloud engineer, it will actually save all  

This within the case later on. So if you need to  read what you were talking about, that’s going to   be saved there later. If for whatever reason, the  cloud engineer cannot solve it, and they need to  

Go off and try to replicate it or reach out to  someone else in the team, they will do so and   then they will come back to you with the answer  later on. And so they will provide that there.  

And that’s what happened in the case here. Okay,  um, and generally, sometimes they will go out and   actually bring back even more information for you  there. Okay. So you can even see that this cloud   engineer had to go talk to the cloud formation  team to resolve this case here. So you definitely  

Can really reach the experts within AWS to solve  your problem. So there you go. That’s generally   the follow along here in a nutshell, for crina  case, okay. So now we’re taking a look at AWS   marketplace, which is a curated digital catalog  with 1000s of software listings from independent  

Software vendors, and allows you to easily find  by test and deploy software that already runs   on AWS. So on the right hand side, there, you  can see we have a bunch of categories such as   operating system security, machine learning, and  the idea is that you would click into one of those  

Categories. And now you have a bunch of products  that are being offered to you in the form of   Amazon machine images, cloudformation, templates,  SAS offerings, laughs rules and a variety of more.   And these products can either be free, or they  could have an associated charge, more likely  

The ladder and discharge will become part of your  AWS bill. And if you want to sell things yourself,   there is a sales channel for ISVs and consulting  partners. So you definitely It cannot just be the  

One buying but also selling, okay. So in this fall  long, I want to show you the AWS marketplace and   the things that you could possibly buy in here.  So just looking here, on the homepage, here,  

We have a bunch of categories where we can narrow  down the thing that we’re looking for. Or we could   choose a vendor, if we knew in particular, what we  want, you can see there’s 1361 vendors. So there’s  

Quite a few here. Or if you want to determine  your pricing plans or delivery methods, okay,   and then you have those popular categories,  which is a very easy way to start exploring,   maybe we would be interested in machine learning.  So I’ll go ahead and click there. Okay. And now  

That we are in machine learning, we can see that  we have a variety of different offerings here. So   let’s say we wanted to do some deep learning.  with Python three and TensorFlow, I’m just   going to click into here. And it’s going to give  you an idea what kind of product we have here.  

I believe this is an Amazon machine image, I’m  just kind of trying to find where it says that,   and right down there. So we see that the delivery  methods is an Amazon machine image. So it’s going  

To determine what that is. And we have a variety  of information here, such as the product overview,   it’ll do price estimating estimations based on the  easy to instance that you choose. And there can   be useful information such as how to actually use  this. Okay, so yeah, so if you wanted to do that,  

I mean, you could create a subscription from  here. But generally, when you’re launching Amazon   machine images, you’d want to go ahead and launch  that with in the EC two, console there. So let’s   hop our way over there and try to find something  in the marketplace. Okay. All right. So here I am  

In my AWS account, and I’m going to make my way  over to EC two. Okay. So a lot of times when you   want to use a marketplace resource, generally,  you’re going to launch it within the context of  

What service you’re using. So there are laughs  rules that are sold in the marketplace. So when   you’re using laughs in the last console, you can  purchase them there. And when it’s going to be  

An ami, it’s going to be via EC two. Okay, so I  would just go ahead here and launch an instance.   And as soon as I launch an instance here, or you  get to the option to choose to watch it instance,  

Whatever it decides to load, we are going to be  presented with the AMI that we need to choose,   okay. Alright, so now we can choose our ami,  on the left hand side, you’re going to see AWS  

Marketplace. And so this is where it’s going to  make it easy for us to choose a service there and   subscribe to it. So if we wanted that machine  learning one, I think it was TensorFlow. Okay,   so we typed TensorFlow there. I’m not quite  exactly the same one. But if we just wanted  

To launch one here, so here we have deep learning  ami, which is an Ubuntu image. And it would have   some kind of associated cost here. So I go  here and select it. Okay. And right away,   it’s going to show me the pricing here. I don’t  see any additional costs, probably because this  

One is an AWS, deep learning ami, it probably  doesn’t have any additional cost, but it does   estimate that stuff out there. So maybe we’ll  go back and actually choose something where I   know there will definitely be a cost. Maybe we  try launching guacamole. Okay, so guacamole is  

A if you can spell it is a is a bastion, I’ll  just type in Bastion, that’s an easy way to find   it. And so here’s guacamole, it gives you a free  trial. And here you can see the pricing here. So  

You see 0.3 cents to 33 point 52 cents per hour.  And so I will just go ahead and select that, okay,   and choose that ami and it can tell you that it  has a free instance. And then you’d hit continue,  

Okay. And then you just launch your instance.  So based on this here, I’m restricted to that.   So I’ll just do a small here, and I’m just  going to go ahead and review and launch. Okay,   and this is definitely not part of the free  tier. So I’m going to definitely want to destroy  

This immediately after creating it, okay. But I  just want to show you how easy it is to create   something from the aect marketplace here. Okay.  We’ll just download that and launch that. Alright.   And so now I actually have a subscription to that  market. Place service. Okay. So as is launching  

There usually doesn’t take this long, but today,  it seems to be a bit slower. I want to show you   the actual ABS marketplace subscription. So  when you start accumulating subscriptions,   you can go to ABS marketplace subscriptions here  and see that apparently it’s not supported in the  

Canada region. So we’ll have to move over  to US East. That’s not uncommon for AWS,   because a lot of times with billing and other  things. They are only available in the US East   region. But here you can see we have guacamole,  okay, it’s saying trial ends in five days. And  

Then I have over here a lamp certified by bitnami.  And it has no additional costs. So if you are   using a bunch of things from the marketplace, and  you’re trying to keep track of them, this is where  

You’re going to find that information. Okay? So  I mean, that’s pretty much all you need to know,   for the ABS marketplace. And I’m just going to  make sure to shut down that instance, there,  

Since I do actually not want to do anything with  it. Okay. But I just wanted to show you how easy   it was to start subscribing to a resource there.  So I’m just going to go here and quickly shut down  

That instance there. So if you’re following along,  you do the same. So I’ll just go ahead here and   terminate that instance. Okay. And there we go.  Hey, this is Angie brown from exam Pro. And we   are looking at trusted advisor which advises  you on security, saving money performance,  

Service limits and fault tolerance. The reason  I have that saving money in red is because we   are looking at billing and pricing. Okay. And  for trusted advisor for every single account,   you’re going to get for free seven trust advisor  checks, if you have either business or enterprise  

Support, you’re going to get all trusted advisor  checks. And an easy way of thinking of what   trusted advisor is, is think of it as an automated  checklist for best practices on AWS. So trusted   advisor has five different categories where it can  advise you on and it has a checks. And these are  

All the checks that are possible that are at the  paid tiers, okay, for the free tier, there’s quite   a few less, I honestly can’t remember what they  are. So I’m not going to show them here to you.  

And we’re just going to focus on the fullest here  going through each category. So first looking at   cost optimization, where you’re going to be able  to save money. The two most common ones where it   will recommend you on is idle load balancers, and  on associate AIP. So for idle load balancers. So  

If you spin up an elastic load balancer, the  minimum cost per month is $15. Okay, but let’s   say you just don’t happen to have any easy two  instances that are being balanced on there, it’s  

Going to say, hey, this load balancer is not doing  anything, maybe you should get rid of it to save   some money. Another one is IPS. So that’s elastic  IP addresses. Okay. And so the idea is that if you  

Have an easy to instance, and you want to give it  a static IP, you can reserve an E I, II, II p from   AWS. But the thing is, is that it’s not attached  to EC two and says it’s associated, it costs you  

Money, because AWS wants you to release that  that IP address so someone else can use it.   So that’s a recommendation that will make to you  looking at performance. Let’s say we look at high   utilization Amazon ECS instances. So for that one,  I believe that it’s let’s say you have a very high  

CPU usage on an on a CPU instance, it’s going to  say, hey, maybe you should use a larger instance,   okay, to get better performance out of this,  this machine here, okay? Now, for security,   we have MFA on root account. And this is not  only trusted advisor tells you to do this,  

But so many other services tell you to do it,  because it’s such a important security measure   within your AWS account. Another thing could be  Iam access key rotation, so you have access keys   that are used by users. And it might suggest, hey,  it’s time to rotate these out to make sure things  

Stay secure. Okay, so looking at the last two  categories, we have fault tolerance and service   limits. So for fault tolerance, it would recommend  that, let’s say something for RDS backups, okay,   so just to make sure that you have backups in  place, or have them turned on. So in the case  

That your database goes down, you can recover  it, okay. And then you have service limits,   and there’s none in particular chosen here. But  there are limitations on the certain amount of   things that you can use enables allows you to  increase those limits. So it’s just kind of like  

A safeguard for you to be less be allowed to go  beyond that, I guess a really good one would be   SEO. So SEO allows you to send out emails, and  probably by default, it caps you at like 5000 or  

10,000 emails. And if you had to go beyond that,  you would ask for a service limit increase. Okay,   so those are all the checks there and the five  categories to give you an idea of what trust  

Advisor can help you with. So in this follow  along, I want to show you, the trusted advisor   dashboard and how it makes recommendations to  you, and how you can keep up to date when it   discovers new things. Okay, so here in this  exam pro account, we have business applied,  

So we have all the AWS advisor checks. So let’s  go take a look at cost optimization here. And   you can see that we have things in green. So these  things are a Okay. And then you have things with  

Warnings. And one thing we explored earlier was an  associate associated elastic IP addresses. If we   expand there, it’s going to show us that we have  one IP address and our US East region that’s not   currently associated with any running instance.  So this thing is costing us money, okay? So so  

Then you’d have to go take action and go over to I  believe it’s VPC, the VPC console and then just an   associate that and you start saving money, okay.  And so we have that for a bunch of categories  

Here. If you wanted to download a report, I  believe you could go up here and download an   XLS. Yep, that’s an XLS there. So you can bring  that into Excel and look at that information.   But the number one thing I’m going to show you  is preferences. And under preferences, you can  

Actually set up email notifications on a weekly  basis. So you would just set those email addresses   checkbox and save those preferences. And you would  get these notifications, anytime there would be a   change, where it has recommendations for you, you  can take action on that. So that is all you really  

Need to do for trusted advisors. So there you go.  So we’re gonna take a look here at consolidating   billing, which is a feature that is turned on by  default when you’re using a service organizations   and you have multiple member accounts. So you’re  going to have one account, that’s considered your  

Master account within your organization. And then  you’ll have all these member accounts underneath.   And all of their billing information is going  to be sent to the master account, as well as   the master account is going to be responsible for  paying the charges for all its member accounts.  

Okay, so it makes billing a very simple and  straightforward. And also, you’ll be able   to use cost explorer to visualize the usage of the  billing per account. So if you wanted to see all   the expenses, just for the developer account, or  the data science science account or the security  

Account, you’re going to be able to segment that  data within cost Explorer. consolidate billing   is offered at no additional cost, okay. And if  you do have a member account, and you have it,   leave the organization that cost export data is  going to be no longer available. So just keep that  

In consideration. Okay. So another thing we want  to touch on about consolidating billing is volume   discount. So each of us has volume discounts for  many services. So what that means is, the more you   use something, the more you are going to save  Okay, and so consolidate consolidated billing  

Lets you take advantage of volume discounts,  because it’s going to take the usage from multiple   accounts and treated as one and then whatever  that surplus of from another account is going   to end up in another bracket of lower discount. So  just to really illustrate this here, we have usage  

From two different accounts we have odos usage and  data’s use, DAX is usage for data transfer, okay,   instead of the data transfer is going to cost at  the first 10 terabytes 17 cents per gigabyte. And  

The next 40 gigabytes is going to be a 13 cents  per gigabyte. Okay? So if you were just paying   for odos usage and daxue separately, which would  be unconsolidated, you could see that comes out to   2088 and 96 cents, okay. But when you consolidate  the billing and group, the total usage, you’re  

Going to have that usage overflow into tier two,  which is where you’re going to save that money,   okay. And so now you can see the consolidated  billing, it’s going to be $2,007.04. So we have   roughly there about $80 worth of saving, okay, and  so, if you if those costs weren’t consolidated,  

We wouldn’t get those savings. So that’s one  motivation for you to take your individual   accounts and make sure they’re in an organization.  Okay. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And   we are looking at AWS cost Explorer, which helps  you visualize, understand and manage your AWS cost  

And usage over time. So with cost Explorer, if you  have multiple AWS accounts within an organization,   all the costs will be consolidated into the master  accounts of cost Explorer is very good at giving,   getting an overview of all your costs, no matter  what accounts they’re in. Within Eva’s cost  

Explorer, you have these things called reports,  okay? And Asus gives you a bunch of reports,   by default that you can use. So if you need to  start breaking costs down based on services,   or excetera, they’re just one click away. And you  of course, can make your own reports. Within cost  

Explorer, it has a feature called forecasting,  which allows you to see future costs, so you can   plan for the future or maybe make adjustments so  you can lower your bill. Within cost explorer if   you want to view the data monthly or daily, that  is an option that is available to you. And you  

Get these nice graphs within class Explorer.  So you can group the information in a variety   of different ways. You can see there’s tons of  different ways and you can also filter based on   a lot of options there. So if you want to filter  out very specific services or Yeah, very specific  

Regions or based on tags, or maybe you just  want to look at one particular, like accounts,   maybe you have a developer account, you just want  to see what they’re spending, then you, you can   use those filters to narrow that stuff down. All  right? Hey, this is Angie brown from exam Pro.  

And we are going to do a quick follow along here  in Eva’s cost explorer here. Okay. And so here,   I have an exam pro at ghost account, which has  some expenses within it. So hopefully, we will  

Find some useful information here to look at as  an example, on how would you use cost Explorer. So   here I am on the home, right. So if I was to click  here, this is what we would see. And right away,  

We’re going to get month by month today cost. So  here so far, we’ve spent $185, this month, and   then it’s forecasting $466.18, I do need to point  out that these forecasts, forecasted monthly costs  

Can be misleading. So if you have a large spike,  or bill at the start of a month, because you might   have large services, so like you’re paying for EDA  support, or you’re registering domains, like one   time fixed costs, this value here can be extremely  misleading. So next month, I’m not paying $466. I  

Definitely know that. But you know, just be aware  of that, if you see that it might shock you. Okay,   so just to start looking at information, we  go to explore costs, okay. And right away,  

Now we have our nice graph here. And it allows us  to now filter this data however we want. So here   we have that group by and so the most convenient  one is generally by service, okay. And so what  

You’ll get is a stacked bar graph here, which  will break down service costs. Now, it doesn’t   always show everything. As you can see, here, we  have our business support RDS, some other EC two   instances that are probably managed by AWS, maybe  ECS or something, then we have kinesis analytics,  

And then we have others, okay, so you don’t get a  full picture there. But they do have a cost listed   down below, you can download the CSV and work with  this raw data here. Okay, and you could break this  

Down monthly, so I can go to monthly here. Okay,  and then this will just change the graph. So now   it’s a monthly breakdown. And you can change the  scope of how far you want to go back there. Okay.  

But we’ll just go back there and change it to  daily. And apparently, we have some other options   here. So if you don’t, like stacked and you like  line graphs, you can have that or if you’d like   bars, okay, but stack stack is my preference  there. Okay. And then on the right hand side,  

We have filters. So if you want to start  filtering, it might look like this is grayed out,   but what you do is you actually click here, okay,  and so then I could type something like register,  

Okay. If I can remember how to spell it, there we  go. And that’s for registering domains on Route   53. And if I just apply that filter there, you can  see I have one class there, okay. And there’s tons  

Of different filters in here, okay, tons and tons.  But like, the one that you’ll notice the most is   like linked accounts. So if you wanted to filter  out for like a developer account, like a discount,  

Or something like a variety of different accounts,  you can do that to figure out the exact costs of   particular teams. Okay, and so that’s that there.  Now, just to show you those reports, there are  

Those default reports here, if you go on the left  hand side here, we can go to save reports. Okay,   and so here are a bunch of them there, and you  can get an idea of what’s inside of them. Okay.  

But yeah, you basically would just create whatever  configuration you want, oops, I went into reserved   utilization there. I don’t care about that. But  yeah, whatever, whatever filters you want, you   just go ahead and make any report. You go cost and  usage, okay. And from there, once you pick, choose  

Your configuration, you hit save, and you can have  this report for later. Okay, so if you really want   to monitor, like CloudFront. So CloudFront is  something that we heavily use that exam Pro,   and it can fluctuate based on how many people are  consuming videos on our platform, we might want  

To just create a report for CloudFront. Okay, so  yeah, there you go. Hey, this is Angie brown from   exam Pro. And we are looking at AWS budgets, which  is a service that helps you plan service usage,   service costs and instance reservations. I like  to think of it as billing alarms on steroids.  

And when you use AWS budgets, each budget costs  about two cents per day. Okay, and you have up   to a limit of 20,000 budgets, but the first two  budgets are free of charge. So if you have any   adverse account, you definitely want to go ahead  and create yourself a couple of budgets. Okay.  

All right. So we’re looking at his budgets here,  a little bit more detail. And so the idea here is   that you can set up alerts if you exceed or are  approaching your defined budget. There are three   types of budgets you can create. You have cost  usage and reservation, okay, so costs is where  

You’re just plugging in $1 amount There, okay?  For usage, it’s going to be based on a usage   unit. So you could choose something such as EC to  running hours. And then you’re going to use supply  

Whatever the unit is. So that’s going to be ours  in this case. So here I’ve supplied 100. And you   can track budgets based on monthly, quarterly  or yearly levels, okay? And so just if you set  

It for a year, then that alert is really going  to be designed to be delivered at the end of   the year. Okay. So for reservations, that is for  reserved instances, and it is budget supports,   etc, to redshift or RDS and elastic cash,  okay? Now, when you are defining your budgets,  

You can define them based on a fixed cost, or you  can plan planning upfront based on your chosen   level. So you could say for, for each, so for next  six months, you could say for this month, I want  

To spend this and for this month, I want to spend  that etc, etc. Okay, and if it was quarterly,   you could say what you want those budgets to be  for those quarters. Okay. You can also easily  

Manage Eva’s budgets via the dashboard. And they  also have an API. So if you need to do something   programmatic, you can definitely do something  there. And normally, you’d get notified by email,   but you could also have the notification  sent to chatbot. Okay, so for chatbot,  

That is a newer service for AWS integrates  with common services such as slack or chime,   so those could, your budget information will be  pushed out to there, okay. Hey, this is Angie   brown from exam Pro, and we are going to look at  Avis budgets in this follow along and learn how  

To set our own budget. So we’ll go ahead here and  create our our budget here. Alright, and so we’re   gonna be presented with either a cost budget,  or usage budget, or a reservation budget. So I’m  

Going to choose cost. And we’re going to set your  budget. And so they give you a suggestion, like   monthly easy to budget, okay. And I could just say  all my costs, so overall, overall costs, okay. And  

Then we can choose the period. So monthly seems  good to me, but you have monthly, quarterly and   annually here, alright, you can have a recurring  budget or expiring we want this for every single   month. And then you can choose your budget amount.  So we have a fixed or a monthly budget planning,  

This is a little bit more complicated. So I guess  if you’re a startup and you assumed your costs   were going up, you’d want to fill this go up and  up and up. Or if you were a seasonal business,  

And you assume your budget would change based on  the demand, it would definitely make sense to a   set monthly budget planning, okay, but we’ll go  back to fixed here and we can just have a cost,  

You can see it shows my last month cost was $126.  Let’s just say I wanted my cost to always be $100   per month, it will draw this line here and give  me an idea of whether I’m over or under, okay,  

And we could filter services. So if I wanted to  go here, I could just choose EC two, okay. And I’m   just going to look for EC two, I’m not sure why  I didn’t show up in search ghosts already. Yes,  

Instead, because that was a bit easier to find  here. So apply filter. So but just an idea to show   you just how that works there. Okay, and I’m just  going to remove that filter there. If I figured  

That out, there we are. Okay, and we’ll just apply  that filter again. And we do have some advanced   options there. But everything seems pretty good.  So I’m just going to go ahead and configure  

Alerts. Okay, and so you can get alerted if you’re  if you go over the budget, so you can get it based   on the actual cost or forecasted, I would get so  many emails, if I or at least I’d always get a  

Email if I had forecasted because forecasts within  my account are always spiked, okay, but here,   you could set the alert threshold. So when you’re  approaching that budget, so let’s say you’re 80%   On the way there, it should send you an email,  and then you’d add your contact here. So I could  

Just say Andrew at exam Okay, um, maybe I  did that button. Yeah, just the one there. Okay,   and you could also notify via Amazon SNS so if you  already have a topic Arn, you could provide that  

There. But apparently, you do not have to do that  here, which is kind of nice. But apparently they   have a new feature, which is the chat bot. So I  suppose if you’re using Slack, you could integrate  

That alert there. So nothing super exciting there.  But yeah, so if you were using Slack, or I’m sure   it integrates with AWS version of slack, which is  called chime in, there’s probably another service   there. So that’s kind of interesting there. But  we’ll go ahead and we will confirm our budget.  

We’re going to get an overview of that. And we’ll  go ahead and create that budget. Okay. And so now   we have this budget, and we just have to wait some  time before we can actually see some information  

Here. But generally what would happen is it will  Oh, here we go. I just did a refresh there. So it   showed my budgeted my forecasted the current  versus budgeted and then the forecast. Okay,  

So yeah, there you go. That is a budget. So I  just wanted to show you that the email here came   through for those budgets and just what it looks  like. So here, you can see that it says that I  

Exceeded the amount of $80. So when we entered in  that 80%, it calculated the dollar amount for us   there. It just shows us that information. Okay,  so there you go. That’s all you need to know for  

Those budgets. Hey, this is Angie brown from exam  Pro. And we are looking at the decio calculator,   which stands for the total cost of ownership. And  this allows you to estimate how much you would  

Save when moving to a dress from on premise. So it  provides you a detailed set of reports that can be   used in executive presentations, the tool is built  on underlying calculation models that generate   fair assessments of value that you can achieve  given the data provided, okay? And the TCL helps  

By reducing the need need to invest in large  capital expenditures. Of course, this tool is   for approximation purposes only. So it’s really a  persuasion tool to use for at the executive level,   okay. But the idea is that you just launch the  TCL calculator, you describe your environment,  

You’re going to get a three years summary of  cost comparisons, and then you can download that   detailed report, okay. All right, so we’re going  to take a look at the total cost of ownership   calculator here. So just Google and find your way  to the TCL calculator on AWS, when you arrive,  

This page, you know, you’re in the right place,  and you’re gonna be looking for this big yellow   button. Now, it does take sometimes quite a bit  of time for this to load. So I’ve already clicked  

That button and have it open here on a new tab.  Okay. And so you get here, and the idea is you   choose your currency, we’re gonna stay with us  dollars. And you can choose whether you’re on a   premise or colocation, we’re gonna say on prem.  And you can decide whether they are physical  

Servers or virtual machines, you can see some  options there. And now you’re going to go ahead   and fill some stuff in here. So let’s see if I can  figure something out here. That is a good example.  

So maybe you’d have a non database server. So you  have your own web application. Okay. And let’s say   it is using whoops, it is using the number of VMs,  you have six running, and each have, I don’t know,   eight cores, and you’re using that’s 1024242048  amount of memory, oh, that’s gigabytes. That’s  

Too high, we’ll just say eight gigabytes there.  Okay, we can choose the hypervisor, the OS there,   I’m going to add another row here. And we’ll  choose a database this time, and we’ll just say   Postgres here, okay. We’ll say Postgres. And  maybe we don’t have as many Postgres servers  

Running here. So we’ll say two, and we will say,  four cores. And we will say, have four gigabytes   of memory here. And that’s running on VMware. And  then we can choose storage here. So we have some  

Storage here. I guess we could just put something  in here. So we could say, we’d have 500 gigabytes,   maybe 500 gigabytes of storage. Okay. And so now  that we have all those things, we’re going to go  

Ahead and hit Calculate the TCL. And we are just  going to wait here for this report to generate   all right. All right. So after a little wait  there, we can see this report has generated and  

We have a comparison between on prem and AWS. And  it’s saying that we could save up to 70% a year,   which would give us a total savings of $200,000  over the course of three years. Okay, so here,  

We get a cost breakdown, and we get the total  cost of ownership there. So we have the server,   the storage, the network, and now we have this  additional cost, which is it labor, okay, because  

This is, in the case that you have on prem, you’re  gonna have to hire it to manage the infrastructure   on AWS, it’s, it’s taken care of for you, okay,  so you’re not paying for that cost. And then it  

Shows you your on prem environment, and then it  shows you the equivalent in AWS. So if you had   if this is what you’re using, this is what you’d  want to use on AWS. Okay. And then down below,   we have some additional information, okay,  and then we have a cost breakdown. So it just  

Compares those breakdowns for you. Okay, and then  we got other things here, like calculations. Oh,   boy, that’s a lot of stuff. methodology. Okay.  So a lot of stuff that you can use within a   presentation to make the case to move to AWS.  Okay. And then up here, we can just download  

That report. Okay. And that would download it as a  PDF. Alright, but there you go. So that’s the the   TCL calculator. Hey, is Andrew Brown from exam  Pro, and we are looking at Ava’s landing zone,   which helps enterprises quickly set up a secure  Avis multi account. Now I have enterprises in  

Red there because if you read them Marketing  page, it doesn’t say that it’s for enterprises,   but it definitely is because from what I remember,  it has a very expensive upfront cost, okay,   which but for enterprises would be a very little.  So it’s not gonna be for the small to medium sized  

Startups. But the purpose of Eva’s landing zone is  to provide you with a baseline environment to get   started with multi account architecture. So what  does that mean? Well, the idea is that you have   these companies and at best recommends that you  run in multi account, but they don’t know how best  

To the company itself doesn’t know how best to set  up multi account and make sure it’s secure. And,   and, and good for future growth. And so landing  zone is basically that setup for you. Okay. And   the way this all works is through a service  account vending machine, also known as a VM,  

Which automatically provisions and configures  new accounts via a service catalog template.   And the way you’re going to access these accounts  is going to be using single sign on. Okay, and so   the environments here are customizable to allow  customers to implement their own account baselines  

Through a landing zone configuration and update  pipeline. Okay, so now that we have an idea, let’s   go take a peek at the landing zone page. So here  we are on the Ava’s landing zone marketing page,  

I just want to scroll down here for you. So I can  just show you that they have some architectural   diagrams here to give you an idea what you are  getting with landing zone. So here it says the  

Solution includes four counts, add on products can  be deployed using a service catalog. So when you   get this you’re going to get four accounts  are going to get this master account here,   they’re going to have a shared service account  log archive account and secret account. So when  

You are setting up your organization’s you should  always have a login account and should also have a   security accounts that are isolate from your other  accounts, because it’s just good for for auditing   purposes, okay, and so at best is giving you the  best setup possible by doing that for you. All  

Right. And so when you need additional accounts,  then you use that account vending machine, okay,   and so that account vending machine will just  create new accounts for you. And so that’s   really all you need to know about a landing zone  that it is giving you a baseline environment,  

And then it’s going to allow you to add additional  accounts that are going to be secure, with a lot   of other good best practices baked into the Okay.  Hey, this is Angie brown from exam Pro, and we are  

Looking at Ava’s resource groups and tagging. So  we’ve got two different things here. But they are   strongly related. So we need to learn them both at  the same time. So tags are words or phrases that   act as metadata for organizing your AWS resources.  And then you have resource groups are a collection  

Of resources that share one or more tags. Okay,  and so the way you’d access those resource groups,   is there’s a drop down right beside services where  you get to create a group and manage your tags.   Okay. So the whole purpose of resource groups is  to help you organize consolidate information based  

On your, your project, and the resources that you  use. And resource groups can display details about   a group of resources based on metrics, alarms,  configuration settings, okay. And at any time, you   can modify the settings of your resource groups to  change what a resources appear. Okay, so let’s say  

You had a database server, and maybe an s3 bucket  and you wanted to group them all together, you’d   give them all the same tag, and then you could  put them in a resource group. And so that’s the  

Concept there. Okay. So in this follow along here,  I’m going to show you how to use resource groups   and tagging. So we’re going to spin up a couple of  servers, give them some tags, and associate those  

To a resource group see that they are in a group,  and then we’ll turn down those servers. Okay,   so what I want you to do is make your way to EC  two. So we’ll go to services at the top here and  

Type in EC two. Okay. And we’ll just make our way  over to the EC two console. So once we are here,   we’ll have to go ahead and launch some instances.  So let’s press the Big Blue Button. Okay. And now  

That we’re in here, I will just choose Amazon  Linux two, okay. And we’ll stick with the micro   tier because that is the free tier. And then we’re  just going to set up two servers, okay. And we’re  

Going to go on to storage and pass onto storage  onto tags, and we’re going to add a new tag and   I’m going to call it project and I say tarok  nor okay tear rock nor, and that is a Star Trek  

Reference. If you’re wondering, okay, and we don’t  have to worry about secure groups, we’ll have to   review and launch we’re gonna hit launch here and  I’m going to drop down Percy without a key pair.   We’re not doing anything with these servers, just  tagging them okay. And so, they are launching,  

We’re gonna go down to view instances in the right  hand side there and then they are launched. I’m   just going to click on one of these, even though  there’s a loading thing, you can still click the  

Checkbox. And we’re going to go to tags here just  so we can see our tag. And then what I want you to   do is ROP resource groups down here and I’m just  going to create a new group, I’m going to open  

A new tab to make my life a little bit easier  here. And we’ll just wait for this to load. Okay,   and so here, we are creating a new group. And we  need to choose our group types. So we have tag  

Based and cloud formation stack based, so we’re  going to be going with tag base today, okay,   and so then we have our grouping criteria, this  is going to determine how things will be grouped.   And so we can choose a resource type, but we’ll  just leave it to all supported resource types,  

Okay, so that allows it to be anything easy to  or anything, okay, and we will need to supply our   tags. So going back over here, I just want to make  sure it’s 100% the same, so I’m just going to copy  

And paste that there. So we got project, and  then we have tarok noer. Okay, and I’m just gonna   hit Add. And so now we have our criteria set up.  This is where we would see those group resources,  

We don’t see any as of yet, okay, I’m just going  to click here to see what we see. Oh, sorry. So   you hit that there. And now, those instances have  been found, and also the volumes the EBS volumes  

Attached there also have the tag applied appears  to be, so we actually have four resources. And   that’s why and so I’m just going to type in tarok.  Nor here, okay. And we have some options, here to  

Tag the actual group here. That’s not necessary,  we’ll just hit Create group. Okay, and so now we   have grouped resources, okay, so whenever we want  to look at our saved groups, okay, we can go here,   we can see terok nor, and we can see all the  resources and then quickly click through to  

Find other resources with those tags. All right.  All right. And so now that we know how to create   a resource group, let’s actually go look at manage  tags, okay? Because this is a very convenient way  

To find resources. All right, based on tag, so  what we can do is we are, it’s certain it adds   the region that we’re in, so we’re in Ohio right  now. And we could choose the type of resource  

I’ll say all resource types, and I’m gonna just  type in projects, see how it autocompletes there,   and I can use tarok, nor Okay, I’m going to add,  I’m gonna hit Search resources, okay. And so what  

That has done for me is it’s actually found them  all for me. And if I want to export them as a CSV,   those resources I could do so. And I think I  have a checkbox here and go to Manage tags,  

Selected resources, I can now remove the tag from  all these resources here, or add additional tags,   okay, so I can go here and then say, Federation,  Starfleet, okay. All right. And I believe,   if I hit review and apply tags, it’s going to go  now apply those tags to those four resources. So  

We go back to EC two instance here, we might have  to do a manual refresh up here. And so now we have   an additional tag applied. If we wanted to remove  those on mass, it’s going to be the same story,  

Right? So we’re gonna go to project we’re going to  go to terok. Nor we’re going to hit all resources   here, search for those resources. And I can select  them all manage them, and remove that tag. Okay.   So um, yeah, it’s pretty darn straightforward. I  think I actually removed our original tag there.  

So if I go back here and do a refresh, now we just  have Federation Starfleet. Okay. So, you know,   that’s as simple as it is. And there’s tagging  found out throughout so many services within   AWS. Okay. And I’m just going to go and shut down  these instances, because we are done with them.  

So we want to terminate them. And we want to say  yes, okay, and so that’s all of our cleanup there.   So there you go. Hey, this is Angie brown from  exam Pro. And we are looking at AWS quickstarts,  

Which are pre built templates by Ava solution  architects, and Amos partners to help you deploy   popular stacks on AWS. And so the benefit here is  that it can reduce hundreds of manual procedures   into just a few steps. Okay, so quickstart is  composed of three parts. So you’re going to get  

A reference architecture for the deployment. So  it’s going to be like an architectural diagram and   description. And then the actual quickstart  itself is just a cloudformation template,   and cloudformation templates are used for  provisioning multiple AWS resources. So  

It’s going to automate configured that deployment  for you. And it will have also a deployment guide   explaining the architecture and implementation in  detail. Okay, so most quickstarts are reference   deploy deployments enable you to spin up a fully  functional architecture in less than an hour.  

Okay, so you can get operational pretty quick with  these things. And on the right hand side there,   you can see that I’ve cherry picked one out there  from onica and that’s one is for setting up an IoT  

Camera connector. Okay. So here I just wanted to  give you a quick tour of Eva’s quickstarts just   so you have an idea of what there is available to  you here. And so on the left hand side we have a  

Bunch of filtration options to choose Or to narrow  down some nice templates here for us. And on the   right hand side, we already have some templates,  let’s go into analytics here. And right away,   we have a one here by Cambridge technology, which  automatically deploys a clickstream analytics  

Environment for you. So that sounds pretty  cool. So if we just click into this actual   quickstart here, what we’re going to see  down below is that architectural diagram,   I was talking about how we’re like a bunch of  descriptions as to what it is doing, this stuff  

Varies based on quickstart templates that don’t  expect to see the same stuff everywhere. But   they’ll generally give you instructions on how to  deploy, and then the costs or licenses involved.   And so if we wanted to launch this, we go view  deployment guide details, maybe here. Okay. And,  

Oh, we got a big white paper. So this one’s a  bit different here. Sometimes, the buttons are a   little more clear. Oh, yeah, here it is. So again,  this will vary based on each one. So I’ve never  

Done this one before. But we’ll say deploy into a  new VPC. Okay, and what that’s going to do is set   up that cloudformation template for you. That’s  what I’m expecting anyway, so yep, there it is,   it’s going into cloudformation. Okay. And we’re  not going to go through this whole process, I’m  

Just showing you, at least to this stage, okay.  And so here, we have that template, we go next.   And I’m just going to see if it asks us to provide  some information. So yeah, these a cloudformation  

Template has a bunch of variables that you fill  in. So based on the Quickstart template you have,   it’s just going to have different options here.  As you can see, this one has a variety of options,  

But we would just fill that in, go next review and  launch and then it would spin up that clickstream   for it. So there you go, that is a quickstart.  Hey, this is Andy brown from exam Pro. And we are  

Looking at AWS cost and usage report. And this  is a service which will generate out a detailed   spreadsheet enabling you to better analyze and  understand your AWS costs. So just as it says, you   have a big button and you download a spreadsheet  and there you get a nice big breakdown,  

The report gets placed into an s3 bucket, you can  use Athena to turn that report into iqueryable   database hour, or you can use quick sight to  visualize your billing data as graphs. Okay,   so you have a lot of options here to work with  this data. All right, but maybe you just want  

The spreadsheet. Okay. So that is Ava’s cost usage  report. So in the following, I just want to show   you how to use Amos costing usage report to get  that spreadsheet, okay. And so what you’re gonna   do is you’re gonna go up the top right corner  here, you’re gonna go to my billing dashboard,  

And you’re going to make your way to the cost  of usage reports here on the left hand side,   okay, and then once you get here, we’re gonna  have a nice big blue button that we can press  

To create our reports, let’s go ahead and do  that. So we’re gonna need to give us a name. So   we’re gonna say my, my use cost and usage, okay.  And we can include additional resource IDs here,  

I’m gonna just hit next. And then we need to  configure where it goes. So I’m going to create   a new bucket. So I’m just gonna say, ESP for  exam Pro, cost and usage, okay. And it’s going  

To put that in the US East. One region there.  Okay, I’ll hit next. And we have this nice,   big policy wants will say, save that, okay. And  then we can choose to what detail that we want.   I’ll leave it for hourly, that’s totally fine. I  will say daily, that’s probably more ideal there,  

We’ll create a new version of support. And now for  easy integration, we do have those options there,   Athena redshift and quick site, but we are just  going to leave this as be I’m gonna make a zip  

Because I want to make my life really easy here.  Just because if I download to my local computer, I   won’t be able to unzip that with very little  effort here. I’m gonna hit next. And what we  

Can do here is go hit review and complete. Okay,  and so now, it is going to deliver that. So in the   next 24 hours, your first report will be delivered  to an Amazon s3 bucket you configured during this  

Report creation. So we’re just going to have  to wait for this creation. And I will come back   here and download it and show you that report.  Okay. All right. So it’s been 24 hours, and I  

Went over to my s3 buckets here, and I searched  for that bucket that I created. And then I just   drilled down so if you just click through to that  bucket, okay, so I go into here, and then there’s  

This folder that has no name, okay? And then you  go into the cost and usage. And then you go into   here, then you’re going to see another folder, you  click into there, and then we can get that CSV,  

Zip. Okay. So that’s going to have a zip, which  contains a CSV file. And that’s going to give us   that raw data, which I’ve opened up here in Excel.  And so you can see there’s a lot of data here and  

So it’s up to you To make sense of this data, but  at least you can see you get all the raw data from   cost and usage. And of course, I mean, the huge  advantage here is that you can integrate this into  

Quick site and Athena to analyze it within AWS.  Okay. So there you go, that is a cost of usage.   Hey, this is Angie brown from exam Pro, and we’re  looking at organizations and accounts. So when you  

First sign up for AWS, you are creating a single  account. And that first user you’re logging in,   as is the root user. Okay, so just look over  here on this diagram, see where we have a master  

Account. So just, let’s pretend that this was the  account that we created, and we were logging is   that root account user. So what you can do is you  can promote your account into an organization. And  

So what that’s going to allow you to do is it’s  going to allow you to create multiple accounts   within that organization. So now, that original  account is now a master account, and underneath   it, you can create multiple accounts. Okay,  so why would you want to do this? Well, if  

You’re an organization, you might want to, like,  isolate different departments within your company,   and also to have fine tuned control over what they  have access to on mass. Okay, so the idea here is   like, let’s say you have a development team on one  side, and there’s multiple accounts, you can put  

Them within an organizational unit, and then use  a service control policy to apply rules about what   services they can or cannot use on math. Okay.  So I mean, that’s pretty much all there is to it.  

But I think this would be a lot more clear when we  do a quick follow along, okay. Hey, this is Angie   brown from exam Pro. And in this follow along,  I’m going to show you how to use organizations and  

Create some member accounts. Okay. So there are  two places where you can manage your organization.   It’s within the IM console here. So you just type  in Im to get to that console. But you can see here  

That it says organization is not in use, because  we have yet to create an organization. So what   we’ll have to do is in a new tab, we’ll have to go  to the organization’s console here, which is where  

I’m at currently. And we have this nice little  wizard here to get started. So I’m going to go   ahead here and hit Create organization, it’s  going to ask us to create an organization where   we have all these features, or we could just have  one consolidated billing, we definitely want to  

Create this one here. So I’m gonna hit Create  organization. Great. And so here I have created   organization. And you can see that it sent me an  email to finish verifying your master account,   because the original account we have here has  now been turned into a master account. So I’m  

Going to go ahead and just go confirm that email  here. So now I’m in my email here. And here’s   that verification email. So I’m just going to go  ahead and press that button. And now this has been  

Verified. Okay, so I’m just going to close that  here. I’m just going to refresh. And you can see   we are now verified, okay, and we can see, that’s  our master account, I think it might be Yep, the  

Star emphasizes that that is a master account. So  if I go back to Im console here and do a refresh,   let’s see if there’s any kind of change. Okay, and  there definitely is. So you can see that we have a  

Root organization here. And then we have the exam  pro fresh account, which is the master account. So   we can’t create additional accounts. From here,  it’s just more of an organizational structure,   what we can do is go back to the organization’s  console here, and do some organized organizing.  

So before I actually go ahead and create any  accounts, let’s actually go look at some,   some organizations are sorry to organize this  account. So we’ll go to organize accounts. And   so over here, this is where we’d see all of our  accounts. And we can create some organizational  

Units. So I’m going to create a new organizational  unit called developers. Okay. And so now I have   that organizational unit, and there is some  way for me to set them in the tree. Actually,   by default, it has already set it here. So we  already have that. Okay, so I suppose it already  

Is associated to the root there. Okay, so now  what we’ll want to do is we’ll want to actually   create an account under this organizational unit.  So let’s go back to accounts here and let’s make  

A new account. I’m going to create a new account  here. And I’m going to do Andrew plus fresh plus   developer at exam Here, okay, I just gotta  be here. And we’ll just say Andrew Brown, okay,  

Because every account has to have a unique, unique  email for the root account. And there is this   Im role, I’m just gonna leave that blank and hit  Create. And what’s that? What that is going to do?  

It’s going to get us set up with a new account.  And so I’m just waiting here for this to send us   an email to tell us that our account is ready.  Okay, so we’ll just wait here for a little bit.  

Alright, so after waiting a few minutes here, I  got a new email saying my account is ready. Okay.   And just back in here, if you do a hard refresh  here, you’ll see that the account is set up,   you probably don’t want to name the account  based on someone’s name, I just inherently  

Had put my name in there. Generally, you’d want  to name this developers or whatever the account   is called here. But this account is now ready.  So how do we actually access this account? Well,  

The way you do it is you actually just log in as  the root user. So I’m going to just close this tab   here. And I need to remember what this email is  here. So it’s Andrew plus fresh plus developer.  

And we’re just going to log out here and just sign  back in with this as the root user. So what we’ll   do here is we’ll just go ahead and go sign in  to console. And we’re just going to provide that  

Email there. And we’re just going to hit next.  Okay, and what we’re going to do is we’re actually   going to hit forgot password is the only way to  set up new accounts, you have to just reset the  

Password. And so we have to enter into this code  by three by m, q q, that’s really hard to see,   but I think that’s what it is. Okay, we’ll try  this again, eight, seven, E, eight, y p. Great.  

And so now we’re gonna get an email here. And so  we’ll just wait for that email. Okay. All right.   And so here is that email to reset her password.  So we just got to go ahead here and click this  

Link here. Okay. And so now we’re just going to  have to provide a new password, so I’m just going   to fill something in there. Okay, and so now our  password has been reset. Great. So now we’ll just  

Have to proceed to sign in here. So we’ll just  put in that new password, and we should be in   our new account. Great. And so now we are in with  within this new account. So it’s not easy to get  

New accounts set up. And so I guess the next thing  is, we’ll look at how we can organize this account   with the organization. So we’re gonna have to  log in and go back into the root account of  

Our master account. Okay. So that’s what I’m just  doing here. Okay. So I believe I called it fresh.   And we will just supply that a password. Okay, and  so what we’ll do here is we’ll make our way over  

To organizations. And we see we have our account  there. And so what we want to do is we want to add   our account to an organizational unit. And so I’m  just going to see how we can do that if I remember  

How. So I’m just going to check boxes here. And  I believe over here, if we right click here,   this account is currently in the route to move  this, choose the move account option. Okay,   so I guess that’s what we need to do here.  So we’ll just click on move. And we’ll just  

Choose that to be in the developers route. And  so now, this account is under the developers   organizational unit. Okay. So if we click in  there, we can see that account. So the reason   you’d want to move things into organizational  units is so you can attach policies, okay. And  

Service control policies. And that’s what they  are, helps you limit access to certain resources.   So if we only wanted that account to only be  allowed to use EC two, that’s what we can do.  

So we’d say only EC two, here as the policy name.  And then we’ll just filter out what it is that we   want to allow. So we’ll say EC two, and then we  have to choose actions. So we’ll say all Okay,  

And then we can move on to resources, I suppose,  specify the resource type EC to will say, all   resources here, and then we’ll hit add, and then  we’ll move on to the conditions. And so we don’t  

Need to change any of this here. I’m pretty sure  I’m happy with that. And we’re going to say allow,   so we’re just going to allow access to all the  VC to Okay, so that way, everything else will  

Be implicitly denied. So the only thing we’ll have  access to is easy to and hopefully, the statement   is valid. And we’ll just go hit Create policy.  And now that we have our policy created here,  

Which gives us only easy to access, we now you  can apply it to that organization, you have to do   everything from the root. So you’d have to enable  service control policies so that you’re allowed to  

Use them. Okay. And so now that is enabled, and  I believe, if we go into developers, we should   be able to set that policy. So I’ll go here, and  I’m going to just choose attach. Okay, and I’m not  

Sure if I can detach it, but let’s give it a go.  Okay, and so now this one should only have access   to EC two, and, but the root will still have  access to everything. Okay. So there we go. So now  

That we have an idea how we can apply permissions  to accounts, let’s actually go back to the other   account and just go ahead and just shut it down or  terminate it because we’re not going to be using   This other account for anything, we don’t want  to leave this other account laying around. Okay,  

So what we’ll do is we will just log out here,  and I’m just going to log back into this other   account. Okay, so I’m just proceeding to log into  that other account there. And I just got to type  

The password in here. Okay, great. So we’re back  into our member account there. And we did say we   were only allowed to launch EC two. So actually,  let’s go ahead and try to just create something   else just to see if our service control policies  working and right away, so you’re not authorized  

To perform lambda. So our policy is working as  expected, okay. And I didn’t mention this before,   but every time you create an account, they all  have their own root account. Okay, so right now   we are logged in as the root account into this  member account. And let’s say you wanted to get  

Rid of this account, you can actually suspend this  account. So let’s go ahead and do that now. So I   believe to suspend accounts, we have to go to up  up here, and we have to go to my account. Alright,  

So but there’s only one problem here is the  fact that we don’t actually have the ability to   close our own account, because we don’t have the  permission. So we’re going to have to go back into  

Our master account and give us better permissions  there. So we can actually go ahead and get rid of   this account. So I’m just going to log out here,  we’re gonna go back into our master account there.  

And we will make our way back to organizations  here. And so you might think that you could   just remove the account here, but the problem with  that is that it would just leave the organization.   And in order to leave the organization,  you’d have to attach a new credit card,  

And account wouldn’t be would actually wouldn’t  be deleted or suspended, you actually can’t delete   accounts in AWS, you can just suspend them, which  makes sure that no resources are being billed for   within those accounts anymore. And that’s what  we want to accomplish here. So we’re going to go  

Back to our organization accounts here, right  click on developers, and we’re going to go to   service policies, and I’m going to attach the  full access and then detach on the EC two, and   we’re going to log out and go back into that  member account. Alright, so here we are going  

Back into that member account. And we’ll just do  was at Andrew plus exam Pro Plus developers. Oh,   no, it’s fresh, okay, fresh plus developers at  exam Maybe it’s just developer. There we   go. We’ll enter that password in. Okay, great. And  so now we should be able to get rid of our account  

Here. So I’m going to go up and go to my account.  Okay. And so we do have some sensitive information   here, which I have blocked out. But within here,  we are going to go ahead and close our account.  

So we’ll just do that. So what I did here is I  just scrolled all the way to the bottom, and you   can see that we can close your account. And we  have a big long disclaimer about it. But again,  

The advantage here of closing our account, which  just suspends it is that it’s going to ensure that   we’re not being billed for anything else within  our account. Okay, and I’m just going to go ahead   here and say I understand for the three things  here and go ahead and close my account. And so  

This account has now been closed, and I can just  proceed to logging out here. So just scroll up   and just log out and we’ll go back into our master  account. Alright, and so now we’ll just go ahead  

And log back into our master account and go just  check on the status of that organization. And we   will just make our way back to organizations  here. And you can see now this is suspended.  

So this account is no longer active. Okay. And so  that’s all there is to it. Okay, so yeah, that’s   eight us organizations. And yeah, there is some,  some visibility there on organizations within the   IM console, there’s not a lot there to do, you can  just see the structure and look at service control  

Policies. But just be aware that each of us is  developing that in Iam. Yeah, there you go. Hey,   this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And we are  going to learn a bit about 80 of us networking   here. So I have this nice big architectural  diagram. And we’re gonna work our way through  

It. Okay. So the first thing you’ll want  to do when you want to launch resources,   you’re going to have to choose a region to  launch them in. And so a region is a geographical   location of your network. So that could be US East  one, which is north Virginia, or maybe you would  

Choose Canada Central, which is based in Montreal.  Once you’ve decided what region you want to launch   resources in, you’re going to need a VPC. And  a VPC stands for virtual private cloud. It is   a logical isolated section of the cloud, where you  can launch at best resources. So it’s just a slice  

Of the ADA based network. Just for you. Okay, and  then once you have your VPC, you’re going to want   to subdivide it up into subnets. And so subnets  are logical partition of IP network into multiple   smaller network segments. Okay, so you could have  public and private subnets. The difference between  

A public and a private subnet a public one is  generally accessible to the internet, whereas a   private subnet is where it is not. Okay. So when  you have things that need to be super secure,   are you going to put those in a private subnet?  All right. And so subnets are defined within an  

Availability zone. And an availability zone  is just a data center for your where you’re   going to launch your AWS resources. And those  azs are contained or are specific to specific   regions. Okay. So now we have a region we have a  VPC, we have our subnets. And so we can go ahead  

And start launching resources into our subnets  here. So we could launch an EC two instance,   or an RDS instance. But how are how is that EC two  instance going to reach the internet. So in order   to do so we’re going to need a gateway to the  internet. And that’s where internet gateway comes  

Into play. So it enables access to the internet,  you can think of it up as a door to the internet,   from your VPC, outward, okay. But just having  internet gateway is not enough, because the   subnet has to know how to reach that internet  gateway to reach the internet. And that’s where  

Route tables come in. So route tables determine  where network traffic from your subnets are,   are directed. So you’d create a a route in your  route table to say, hey, row table, go here and   go out to the internet. Alright, now that we have  a way to the Internet, and we can launch resources  

Into our subnets, what about security, and that’s  where security groups and knackles are going to   come in. So security groups is acts as a firewall  at the instance level. So here, you can see that  

We have an EC two instance in RDS, and they span  subnets. And we have a border drawn around it to   say that the security group is protecting those  two instances. So that’s how that works. And  

You have knackles and knackles is another form of  security, but it’s at the subnet level. So it sits   in front of subnets. And controls access in and  out of those. Okay, so I mean, those are the most   important components of AWS networking, there’s  definitely a lot more. So that’s all we need to  

Know for now. Okay. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from  exam Pro, and we are looking at database services.   And so you can see we have a variety of different  services, for databases on AWS. And for the actual  

Exam, you probably just need to know Dynamo dB,  RDS, Aurora, and redshift. But when you’re taking   the exam, they might throw in these other ones to  just throw you off. And so by knowing all of them   through process of elimination, you can determine  what the correct answer is. Okay. So I think it’s  

Going to be good for us to learn them all. And  so just starting at the top here with Dynamo dB,   which is a no SQL key value database. And  so I always like to say that it’s Cassandra,  

Like or Cassandra based, because I think  at one point it was, or at least is very   similar to it. And so this is a very flattened  simple database, which can scale to millions of   records. And we’ll give you a guarantee of reads  and writes per second. Okay. So if you needed to  

Say 200 reads per second, you just enter that  in and you’d get a guarantee of it. All right,   moving on to document dB, which is a no SQL  document database that is MongoDB compatible.   So if you need MongoDB, you’re going to be using  document dB. Then we have RDS, which stands for  

The relational database service, okay. And it’s  probably the most popular database on AWS, and   the most commonly used and it supports multiple  engines. So you can use MySQL, Postgres, Maria,   db, Oracle, or Microsoft SQL Server, alright. And  it happens to have one other engine called Aurora.  

And so Aurora is really its own thing. And it  is a fully managed relational database, okay.   And within it, you can choose to either run MySQL  or Postgres. And so because it’s fully managed, it   has a greater performance over the regular MySQL  Postgres RDS, and you’re gonna see my school,  

It has a better performance of up to five times,  whereas Postgres has up to three times. Now,   Aurora, again, is highly available and durable.  And so when it when you spin up, an aurora   cluster is going to be running six copies of your  database across three availability zones. Okay,  

So with that, it definitely is more expensive  than using RDS. But if you are an enterprise   or you need that guarantee of availability and  durability, you’re definitely going to want to   use a worra. Now moving on to Aurora serverless.  It’s pretty much the same thing as Aurora. With  

Less features, but the huge advantage here is  that it’s, it’s way more inexpensive. So this is   kind of like a relational database where it’s on  a need B basis. Okay? So the idea is that you’re  

Only paying for when you’re using it just like  kind of like a lambda, okay? And it’s really good   for development workloads or web apps that are not  frequently used. Or if you’re using a serverless   architecture, okay, so it makes it really easy  to connect lambdas to Aurora serverless. Now,  

Moving on to Neptune. It is a managed graph  database. That’s all you need to know. them.   We’re onto a redshift. So redshift is a columnar  store database. Okay, so instead of reading via   rows, it reads via columns. And so it’s really,  really good. Working with a huge amount of data,  

Where you need to generate maybe, like reports  or analytics, like a business intelligence tool,   and it can handle petabytes worth of data. Okay,  so there’s like 1000 terabytes in one petabyte.   So that is x significant amount of data. Moving on  to elastic cache, it is a caching solution. So you  

Can either choose to use the open source caching  databases here, Redis, or memcached. Okay, so if   you need caching, that’s going to be your choices  here. So there you go. That’s all the database   services. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam  Pro. And we are looking at provisioning and so  

Provisioning is just an easy way to set up a bunch  of AWS resources for you or your servers in an   automated way. And this could be done via code, or  it could be done via a graphical user interface.  

Okay. And so AWS has a variety of different  services that can help us with provisioning.   So let’s just learn the difference between all  these services starting with Elastic Beanstalk. So   Elastic Beanstalk is really good at deploying web  applications, where you don’t have to think about  

The underlying infrastructure at all. So what  you’re going to do is you’re just going to prepare   your code, you’re going to upload it to Elastic  Beanstalk choose the container you want to use   with the language of choice. And it will more or  less work with very little to no configuration. So  

If you’re using Ruby on Rails, you just choose the  Ruby container, upload your code, it would work.   And you know, if you wanted to use Django, then  you just use the Python container, etc, etc. Okay,   I like to think of Elastic Beanstalk as the  Heroku for AWS, if you’ve ever used Heroku, it’s  

Just a service where you not part of AWS, but you  just upload your code, and it just works. Okay,   moving on to opsworks. opsworks is a configuration  management service. And it’s going to help you the   management help you with the configuration of  your instances, using either Chef or Puppet. So  

Those are just two different tools, developer  tools that you can use to manually or sorry,   programmatically set up a server. So for, for  chef, you’re actually using Ruby, that’s what   it’s written in. And so you would define these  things called recipes. And those recipes would  

Go out and set up things on your actual easy to  server. So if you had to install dependencies,   or pull the code or do a bunch of other stuff,  that’s what those tools are going to do. And   officeworks also has a concept called layers.  So you can define your infrastructure as like  

Three tier or two tier layers. And so you could  have like an application layer, a database layer   and networking layer. And it just makes things  very clear. Okay. Moving on to cloud formation,   cloud formation is infrastructure as code.  And so the idea here is that you are creating  

A JSON or yamo file, and what you’re going  to do is you’re going to define all of your   AWS resources that you want to provision and  how exactly how you want to configure them,   you’re going to upload that template and then  it’s going to set everything up for you in one  

Go. Okay, so cloudformation is an extremely  powerful provisioning tool. And so compared to   opsworks opsworks, has some limitations as to what  it can do. So it can set up some things for you,   but cloudformation can do anything pretty much  in AWS. Okay, so it is the most complex option,  

But it is also the most flexible option in our  provisioning tool set here. Moving on to Eva’s   quickstarts. These are just pre made packages,  which actually are just cloudformation templates.   And they are created by AWS or with AWS third  party providers through the APN network, okay,  

And so, they are going to have these pre packaged  templates for a variety of different things. And   we do cover quick sidebar. quickstart in more  detail here in this course. But the idea is like,   let’s say you wanted to get started with ml,  you’d go to the ML category, and there would be  

A bunch of premade configured cloudformation  templates and you just launched one. Okay,   so you’d have to take a look to see what there is  there. But it is a provisioning tool. Moving on to   80 of us marketplace, this is a digital catalog  of 1000s of software listings from independent  

Software vendors, where you can find by test  and deploy software. Okay, and so, generally,   you’re gonna be using the marketplace to buy  managed EC two instances. So let’s say you needed   to set up a WordPress, you could go into the Ava’s  marketplace and find an ami, for wit, WordPress,  

So one that is very popular is by bitnami. And  so the advantage here is that it’s just pre   configured for you. And maybe it has additional  security hardening. And so you would pay a monthly   subscription to use that. Okay, so those are all  of our provisioning options on AWS. Hey, this is  

Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And we are looking at  computing services on AWS, starting with geesey,   which stands for elastic Compute Cloud. And you  can see that I’ve made a division there. And   that’s just to emphasize how important EC two is.  And the fact that basically, every service under  

The hood is using EC two. So no matter what you’re  using, whether it’s a lambda RDS, or redshift,   they’re all running on EC two instances, they’re  just what might be abstracted away from you,   because eight of us is managing those EC two  instances. Okay. And so what is EC two? Well,  

It’s a highly configurable server, where you get  to choose your CPU, memory network and operating   system. Okay, so now moving on to the other  computing services, we have ECS, which stands for   elastic container service. And this is basically  Docker as a service. So if you need to run micro  

Services, or a, a dockerized, application, you’re  going to be launching it on ECS. So with ECS,   what you would do is you would just choose the  type of easy to instance you you want. And that   easy to instance will come pre configured with  Docker running on it. And then it has a really  

Nice interface, so that you would just define  your containers within something called a task   or a service, and then you would just run them on  ECS. Okay, next on this list, you have fargate.   And this is also for micro services. And this is  kind of like the evolution of ECS. So, with ECS,  

You choose what easy to instance, you, you need  to use fargate, you don’t choose easy to instance,   you just would define your, your containers within  a task or service. And you would just tell them  

To run and AWS would just have it run, okay. And  so the difference here is that you aren’t paying   for the EC two instance, you’re just paying  for the runtime and the CPU utilized. Okay,   so it’s kind of like lambdas, where you’re  just paying for the time performed and the  

Resources used. Okay, moving on to Eks, which is  Kubernetes as a service. And so if you’ve never   heard of Kubernetes, it’s becoming the de facto  standard for micro services within the industry.   And so since it’s so important, AWS has decided  that it needs to have a service to run Kubernetes  

And it’s called Eks. Okay, so it gives you all the  benefits of ECS. That allows you to run the open   source Kubernetes. Okay. And again, this is just  for micro services, moving on to lambda lambda,  

Lets you run serverless functions. So the idea  here is that it you just upload your code in the   form of function, and it just runs, you don’t have  to think about the servers, there’s nothing to   provision everything is taken care of for you.  And you are just paying for the compute time  

Based on how long it runs. Okay, so that’s all  there is with lambda. Okay, moving on to Elastic   Beanstalk. And so Matt blastic, beanstalk is going  to orchestrate a various amounts of Eva services   for you. So the idea is it will set up up to s3,  SNS, cloudwatch RDS, load balancers, whatever you  

Need to run your web application. And the idea  behind Elastic Beanstalk, it allows you to set up   developer environments, that’s what it’s intended  for. It’s not really for production use. So the   idea is like, let’s say you’re a developer, and  you have a web app. And it’s running on Ruby on  

Rails, or Django, or love rail, and you just want  to get it running. But you don’t want to have to   think about all the services you have to set up.  You just upload your code to Elastic Beanstalk,  

It would do the rest for you. So that’s all there  is there to that service. And it really just is   using EC two again, so it’s just going to set up  EC two instances for you, but you just don’t have  

To worry about it. Moving on to AWS batch. So Avis  batch, as the name implies for batch processing,   so you can plan schedule and execute your batch  computing workloads across the full range of Eva’s   compute services and features. And so what it’s  doing is it’s just launching EC two instances  

For you using spot pricing so that you can save  a lot of money. So there you go, that is all the   computing services, you need to know. Hey, this  is Angie brown and exam Pro. And on AWS, we have  

A variety of different storage services that are  available to us. So let’s quickly go through them.   So the first one on our list here is s3, which  stands for simple storage service. And it’s an  

Object store, I like to think of it as a hard  drive in the cloud, where I don’t have to think   about the actual hard drive, I can just upload  files, and I don’t have to worry about running out  

Of space, because there’s unlimited space. So it  really is a no brainer, okay. And then you have s3   Glacier. And so it’s like s3, but it’s extremely  inexpensive. But the trade off here is that you  

Have to be okay with waiting for several minutes  up to hours to access those files. And when you   do access those files, there is a retrieval  cost. So it is a really good use case for large  

Enterprises who have lots of sensitive data. But  they have to hold on to it for seven to 10 years,   but they’re very unlikely to actually ever look at  that data. Okay, so that’s where s3 Glacier comes  

In. Then you have storage gateway. And so I like  to think of storage gateway as an extension of   your on premise storage into the cloud. You could  also use storage gateway as a backup solution. So   for your local storage, you would just back  it up onto s3 there. Okay. And so basically,  

Storage gateway is a hybrid solution for on prem  to cloud for storage. And then you have EBS,   which stands for elastic block store. And this is  essentially a virtual hard drive in the cloud that  

You can attach to EC two instances, and you get  to choose what kind of hard drive you want it to   be. Okay, so if you want it to be a solid state  drive, which are optimized for higher I ops and  

Better throughput, or you could use an H HD, which  is going to be more inexpensive solution, okay.   And then you have Fs, which stands for elastic  file store, and it is a file storage solution.   So it’s like having a file system that you’re  able to mount to multiple EC two instances at  

The same time. Whereas with elastic block store,  you’re only able to attach that to one EC two. So   that is a huge advantage there. Okay. All right.  And so now we’re looking at snowball, and it  

Is a way of moving a lot of data around very  quickly from your on premise network into AWS,   or vice versa. So let’s say you have terabytes  worth of data, uploading that directly to this   would be extremely slow and painful. So what it  goes will do is you order a snowball, they’ll send  

It to you, it’s basically a computer in the form  of a suitcase with a lot of hard drives in it. And   what you’re going to do is you’re going to quickly  load your data onto that snowball, and then it’s  

Going to be delivered to AWS directly into s3,  okay. And then we have snowball edge, which   happens just to be like a snowball with additional  features, and more storage so that it actually can   also process data as it’s being inserted into the  snowball. Okay, and then on last on our list here  

Is snowmobile, which is super cool. And it  allows you to move petabytes worth of data.   So it’s actually just a giant cargo container or  shipping container on a semi trailer truck. Okay,   so it’s basically like a data center on wheels.  So AWS will drive it to your on premise, location,  

And you’re going to basically just hook up to  that, and you’re going to move all of your data   onto there, and then it’s going to be driven back  to AWS and then loaded into s3. So there you go,  

That is the storage services on AWS. Hey, this is  Andrew Brown from exam Pro, and we are looking at   business centric services. So starting at the  top of our list here, we have Amazon Connect,  

Which is a cloud based call center service, you  can set up in just a few clicks, and based on   the same proven system used by amazon customer  service teams, okay. So what you can do with   Amazon Connect is you can accept inbound, inbound  calls and dial outbound, you can record your calls  

And then store them into s3. So maybe you could  then run them for analysis maybe through Amazon   comprehend or something like that. And you can  also set up workflows within Amazon Connect. So if  

You want to route a call based on a set of rules,  you can definitely do that there. Next on our   list here is workspaces, which just boils down to  being a virtual Remote Desktop. So secure managed   services for provisioning either Windows or Linux  desktops in just a few minutes, which quickly  

Scales up to 1000s of desktops. So you just would  have bring your own license and you’d be able to   spin up a Windows 10 server that you can now log  in from the convenience of your AWS account. Okay,   then we have worked docs, which is a content  creation collaboration service, easily create,  

Edit and share content, save centrally AWS. So  this is a this is version of SharePoint, then   you have chimes. So this is a service platform  for online meetings, video conferencing and   business call business calling which elastically  scales to meet your capacity needs. So chime here  

Is like, it’s like having slack and also Skype.  Okay. Now we’re on to work mail. And this is just   managed business, emails, Contacts and Calendar  service, which supports for existing desktop and   mobile email client applications. So this is just  Gmail for but like on AWS, then you have pinpoint.  

So this is for marketing campaign management  systems, you can use for sending targeted emails,   SMS push notifications, and voice messages. So  we actually use pinpoint here at exam pro to   send out our campaign emails. So here, you can  import a bunch of contacts, create campaigns,  

And do like a B testing on your your emails. Okay,  so that’s a useful tool there. Then you have FCS   simple email service. And this is a cloud based  email sending service doesn’t a for marketers,   and application developers who send marketing  notification in emails. So we just had mentioned  

Pinpoint, which is for marketing campaign  management system. And this can send emails   but FCS is more for like when you are building  your web application, and you want to send out   emails from that application. So let’s say you  had someone who registered on your platform,  

And you want to send them a confirmation email,  you send them out through FCS and FCS supports,   HTML emails. So there’s another service called  SNS, which also can send emails, but that can   only send plain text. So that’s why ICS is more  designed for marketers because it has that HTML  

Component. And last on our list is quick sight.  And this is a business intelligence service. And   so the idea here is you can connect multiple data  sources and quickly visualize data in the form of   graphs, little to no programming knowledge,  okay, so you can connect a data from s3,  

You’re probably Aurora and RDS. And you just click  it. And then with a bunch of other clicks, you now   have these beautiful graphs, okay. And I believe  that there’s also like an ml component and quick  

Site. So there’s a lot of cool things you can do  there. And you can also share those visualizations   in the form of dashboards to other people. Okay.  So there you go. Those are the business centric   services. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro,  and we are looking at enterprise integration. This  

Is all about going hybrid, bringing your on prem  and your cannabis network together. Okay. So the   first service we’re gonna look at here is direct  connect. And this is a dedicated a gigabit network   connection from your on premise to AWS. So imagine  having a direct fiber optic cable running straight  

To AWS. So it’s a really good way of having low  latency and a dedicated connection. Okay. The next   thing is VPN. So the idea here is that you can  establish a secure connection to your network. And  

We have two ways of doing this. We have site to  site VPN and client VPN. So site to site is when   you are connecting on prem to your network, and  you have client VPN. So imagine you have someone  

That works for you. Maybe they are maybe they work  from home and they have a laptop and you just want   to connect them to your network. Okay, then you  have storage gateway. So this is a hybrid storage  

Service that enables your on prem applications  to use Eva’s Cloud Storage. I always think of it   as extending your hard your on prem hard drives  onto AWS. So this can be also used for backing   up and archiving, disaster recovery, cloud data  processing, storage tiering and migration. Okay,  

And then down below, we have Active Directory.  So we have a directory service for Microsoft   Active Directory, also known as Eva’s managed  Microsoft ad. And this enables your directory   where workloads and Amos resources to use manage  Active Directory in the cloud. Alright, so I know  

That last one was pretty boring. But if you are  using Active Directory, there are definitely ways   to integrate that on AWS. Hey, this is Daniel  brown from exam Pro. And we are looking at two   logging services. Here we have cloud trail  and cloud watch, starting with cloud trail,  

It logs all API calls, generally via the SDK or  AWS COI between Ada services. So this is a really   good service to determine who we should blame for  something. So if you wanted to say who created   this bucket, who spun up that expensive easy to  instance, who launched the sage maker notebook,  

That’s where cloud trail is going to come  into play. And so some of the other use cases   here is that we can use it to detect developer  misconfiguration, which we just talked about,   but we could also use it to detect malicious  actors. So someone got into our account,  

Cloud trail is going to maybe give us an idea  What is going on? And then we could also automate   responses. So maybe every time someone created  a bucket, you wanted to trigger something. And   so that is something that we could do maybe with  cloudwatch events using cloud trail. Okay. So now  

On to cloud watch. So Cloud watch is a collection  of multiple services. But generally, when people   say cloudwatch, we’re talking about cloud watch  logs. And all the other cloud watch services are   really based off of logs. Okay? So Cloud watch  logs is just a durable storage solution for your  

Logs. And so logs could be performance data about  your database services, such as CPU utilization,   memory, or network in, you could also store your  application logs here. So if you are running Ruby   on Rails, you could send the logs there or nginx.  Just as that as well. Or let’s say you’re using  

Lambda lambda, you would, you can put within your  functions, a lot of console log calls. And so that   would then pass that on to cloud watch. And that  is just in itself, application logs for lambdas.   Okay, and so moving on to the other cloud watch  services, we have metrics, and they represent a  

Time ordered set of data points. And so you want  to think of cloudwatch metrics as a variable to   monitor. And if that’s still confusing, just think  of it as like taking data from Cloud watch logs  

And turning it into a graph, okay, then you have a  cloud watch events. And this allows you to trigger   an event based on a condition so when, when you  have logged data, or you can trigger based off of  

A metric, or other other kinds of rules. But like,  the most common thing you might use cloudwatch   events for is, let’s say, every hour, you want  to take a snapshot of your elastic block store,   like the volume that is attached to your  server, you can do that with cloudwatch events,  

Then you have cloud watch alarms, and these  trigger notifications based on a metric. And   so you would specify a threshold and when that  threshold is breached, that alarm gets triggered,   and then it would send you an email or a  text message however you specify, okay,  

Then you have cloud watch dashboards. And this  just creates visualizations based off of metrics.   So when I said earlier that metrics, you can think  of them as graphs, that’s exactly what they are.   And so you could take those graphs, and then put  them onto a dashboard. So you could represent  

A lot of data at a glance. So there you go,  those are the two logging services in AWS. Hey,   this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro, and we’re  looking at know your initialisms. And so there’s a  

Lot of ad bus services and some other things that  are represented by these short form of initials.   And the reason why it’s good to know these is  that on the exam, if they were to just give you  

The full name of the service, it might give away  the answers. So they might use the initialized   version. Okay, so if you had a question about  sending emails, and one of the options was sex,  

And you knew that he sued for email, that’s a dead  giveaway of what the correct answer is, it’s also   just going to help you comprehend things a lot  faster, if every time you see auto scaling groups,  

You just think as G because in your mind, you’re  going to read that a lot quicker. Okay. So we do   have a lot of initialisms here, and four services.  But there’s also some things such as Tam, which  

Is actually a type of person that gets assigned  your account. Or we have IoT, which is just a more   generic tech technology term, which stands for  Internet of Things. Okay, so there just are a lot  

Of things on here. And these are the most common  ones that I could think of. And so I figured,   you know, you should study up on these and just  make sure you are familiar with them, okay. Hey,   this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And we’re  looking at the shared responsibility model.  

And this is going to deal with security of an in  the cloud. So when we’re talking about customers,   they are responsible for security in the cloud.  So what does that mean? Well, whatever data you  

Put on AWS, you are responsible for it. So if you  do not secure it, that is your fault. Or if you   do not turn on monitoring services to monitor  sensitive data, that’s going to be your fault  

As well. Or there’s a variety of different Ada  services that you can use, and it’s up to you to   configure them. So if there is a misconfiguration,  that fault is going to be with you. Okay, so those  

Are your responsibilities. Then we have AWS and so  AWS is has is responsible for the security of the   cloud. So the hardware, the operations of managed  services, and the global infrastructure, okay,   so all the things that you can’t touch is what AWS  is responsible for. And so this is actually just a  

Pared down version of the shared responsibility  model. The full one actually looks like this.   Okay, and so you can just see that there’s a  lot more information here. So for the customer,   we got customer data platforms application  on As the network the fire configuration,  

Client side dating encryption, server side  encryption network traffic protection,   and on AWS we have software and hardware rights  over the software, you have your compute your   storage, your database, your networking, if your  hardware you have an Davis global infrastructure,  

You have the regions and the edge locations. Okay,  so I mean, this is the full list, but really, you   just need to remember, again, for the customer,  it’s dating configuration for AWS, its global   infrastructure and hardware. Okay. Hey, this is  Angie brown from exam Pro, and we are looking at  

ETS compliance program. So what is a compliance  program? It’s a set of internal policies and   procedures of a company to comply with laws, rules  and regulations or to uphold business reputation,   okay. And so we have a bunch of these cool looking  badges. And the idea here is that if you need to  

Conform to one of these compliance programs,  eatables has a big list of them. So it makes   it easier for you to adopt cloud computing. To  that I want to point out is HIPAA and PCI. So so   for HIPAA that is the Health Insurance Portability  and Accountability Act of the United States, and  

Is a legislative legislation that provides data  privacy and security provisions for safeguarding   medical information. So if your hospital you’re  going to want to be HIPAA compliant, okay? And   then you have PCI DSS and so this is the Payment  Card Industry data security standard. So when you  

Want to sell things online, and you need to handle  credit card information, you’re going to want to   be PCI compliant, okay? And there’s a variety of  compliance programs, this is not the full list,  

But just to give you a taste of what that is,  okay? Alright, so I just hopped over here to the   AWS website, because I just wanted to show you the  full range of compliance programs that AWS has,  

And if you had to find out if they had some kind  of compliance program, how to investigate that.   So here I am, you can see we have a bunch of  different logos more than what I was showing  

You prior there. And you can see that there are  offerings in multiple countries. So if we just   scroll down here, you can see there’s a lot for  the US. We even have some here for Canada, okay,  

Which is where I am, Asia, Pacific Europe. Okay,  so there is a variety of things there. All right.   Now, if you wanted to find a little bit more about  any of these certifications, if you just click  

Into them, they’ll tell you what it’s for. And a  lot of additional information, okay. So there is   a considerable amount of information here. So when  you do need to explore a bit more about compliance   programs, definitely check this out. Now actually  getting access to the reports for how AWS meets  

Those compliances is another story. And so  that’s what we’re going to look at next, which is   at this artifact, okay? Hey, this is Andrew Brown  from exam Pro, and we are looking at a database   artifact. And the purpose of this service is to  really help us determine whether a database is  

Meeting a compliance program, because just because  they have the logo on their website, doesn’t   necessarily mean that they are compliant, you  need to prove that via a very long checklist and   explain how you are meeting those, all those rules  within a compliance program. So if you wanted to  

Get access to that, you actually have to go into  a bit of a roundabout way. And so 80 of us has   made a service in order to generate out the report  that shows that they’re compliant. So what you do  

Is you would go into at this artifact, you would  choose the package, or artifact you’re looking   to get, it’s going to generate out a PDF, and  then within that PDF, you have to click a link,   which will then get you the actual files that  you that you are seeking. Okay, so that’s what  

Eva’s artifact is, and I’m going to show you how  to generate an artifact and get to those files.   Alright, so in this follow along here, I’m going  to show you how to use AWS artifacts so that you  

Can get access to a compliance report. So what I  want you to do is go to the top here to services,   and we will type in artifact, like remember how to  spell it here. We just type in art. There we go.  

And so now in artifact, we’re going to get a huge  list of all the possible compliance programs that   AWS has. And so what we’ll do is we’ll just look  for one so since I’m in Canada, let’s look for  

The Canada GC partner package. And what you’ll do  is you’ll hit get this artifact, okay, and you’ll   be presented with a bunch of information. And what  we’ll do is you should probably read it and then  

Once you’ve read it, check that box there and say  accept and download and what that what’s that that   is going to do is it’s going to download this PDF  document. So in order for you to access to files  

Within this PDF, you’re going to have to make  sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed,   because it will not work with any other reader.  If you’re on a Mac like I’m on right now, if you  

Open it up in preview, it’s not going to allow you  to download those files. But I’m going to open up   Adobe Acrobat, and we’re going to give this a go.  Alright, so I have this document opened up here in  

Adobe Acrobat Reader. And it even tells you right  off the bat, open the artifact using Adobe Acrobat   Reader. Other PDF readers are not supported. Okay.  So now that we have this open, what we have to do   is follow the instructions. So this is click the  paperclip paperclip icon in the top left corner,  

So which is up here, okay, and then what it’s  going to tell you is a double click the file   you’d like to open. So there could be a variety  of different files in here. It could be PDFs,  

Or csds, or excels. But we’ll just go ahead and  just double click this one here. And so now we   actually have access to even more content. So now  we have an XLS. So here, I guess it’s just kind of  

A summary of what’s going on. And then, within  this XLS file is the file that we’re actually   trying to get to. So we’re gonna go ahead and open  this file. Okay. And here’s that file open there.  

And so, you know, this is what we’re looking  for, you can see it’s a very long file. Okay,   so the, these documents are gonna vary based  on each compliance program, because they’re   all different. But this is that one. And this is  the file that you are trying to get to that proves  

That AWS is meeting this compliance program. So  there you go. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam   Pro. And we are looking at Amazon inspector.  And the question we are asking here is how do   we prove an EC two instance is harden? And so  to really understand that question, we need to  

Know what a hardening is. And so hardening is  the act of eliminating as many security risks   as possible. Okay. And so that is what Eva’s  inspector is helping you do. So Avis inspector   runs a security benchmark against specific EC two  instances. So you choose which ones you want. And  

You can run a variety of security benchmarks.  Okay. And so it can run both a network and host   assessment. So for network, it’s checking to see  if you’re, if any ports are open, and if they’re   reachable to the internet. And then the host is  actually checking the actual OS, and any of the  

Applications there, based on the benchmark or  security best practices that you choose, okay.   So the way inspector works is that it’s going  to install the agent on your EC two instance,   which just does this, I believe through a run  command, then it’s going to run an assessment  

For your assessment target. And then it’s going  to, then you get to review your findings and   remediate those security issues. Okay. And so  one very popular security benchmark is the CIS,   which stands for center of internet security. And  they have over 699 checks. And that’s what we are  

Going to be using through our follow along. So  let’s get to that. Hey, this danger brown from   exam Pro. And we are looking at AWS whap,  which stands for web application firewall,   and it’s going to protect us, or specifically our  web application from common web exploits. Okay,  

So the idea here is you’re going to write your  own rules that are either going to allow or deny   traffic based on the contents of an HTTP request.  And if you didn’t want to create your own rules,  

And you wanted to just use one from a trusted  Eva security partner, you could purchase one very   cheaply in the at best laugh rules marketplace.  And so they call it a rule set, because it’s a   bunch of rules included. And generally, those rule  sets will protect you against the a wasp top 10,  

Which are the most dangerous attacks for web  applications. And so whether it’s SQL injection,   or cross site scripting, or a host of other ones,  again, those rule sets are easy to purchase and   protect you against everything. Now, in order to  use laugh, it has to be attached either in front  

Of CloudFront, or an application load balancer.  And so there you go, that is all you need to know   for a nervous laugh. Hey, this is Andrew Brown  from exam Pro. And we are looking at AWS shield,   which is a managed DDoS protection service that  safeguards applications running on AWS. So just to  

Understand what the offering for the services, we  need to know what a DDoS attack is, which stands   for distributed denial of service and this is  a malicious attempt to disrupt normal traffic   by flooding a website with a large amount of fake  traffic, okay. And so, in order to use a shield,  

It’s actually already turned on for you, and  it’s given to all eight of us customers. at no   additional charge at least the shield standard  is and So, in order to take advantage of shield,   you just have to make sure that you are routing  your traffic through rough d3 or through cloud  

Front. Okay? Now I said that there is a paid tier  and that is shield advanced. Okay, so for shield a   standard, this is going to protect you against the  most common DDoS attacks, and it’s already turned   on automatically for you. And it’s available for  a lot of different database services. And then  

You have shield advanced, which cost $3,000 per  year and you have to pay that upfront, I believe   are these you have to make the commitment to pay  that. And this is going to protect you against   additional types of attacks, larger attacks,  more sophisticated attacks, okay, and it’s also  

Going to give you visibility into those attacks, I  believe you get like a dashboard. And you also get   24 seven access to some DDoS experts. For those  complex cases, I myself have experienced DDoS and   have paid for such a services shield advanced,  so I can definitely understand the value there.  

And it’s only available for a limited amount of  services. So it’d be for roughly three CloudFront   lb their global accelerator and putting things in  front of or on to tip there. Okay, so that’s all  

There is there. And I probably will just go to the  website and just pull up the big comparison so we   can take a quick look through it. Alright, so I’ve  hopped over here to the AWS website to give you  

A comparison between shield standard and shield  advance. And so as we saw earlier, shield standard   is turned on for all AWS services, where shield  advanced, it’s going to have the same coverages   of standard but have additional functionality for  these specific AWS services. Okay, so if we just  

Scroll down here, you see we have a nice large  comparison, the most important thing to note is   that shield advance is for mitigating large, DDoS  attacks. So if someone is specifically targeting   you, and sending a lot of traffic your way, you’re  going to want to pay for shield advance. Okay?  

Another thing about shield advanced is that we get  that visibility reporting, so we’re gonna get a   lot more information as to the nature of these  attacks, we’re going to have response team and   support. So we’re going to be able to talk to  people to work through that problem. And then  

We’re also going to get DDoS cost protection,  okay, so this is going to make sure because we’re   getting a lot of traffic’s going to be hitting  the servers that roughly three CloudFront EOB.   And if you have a lot of traffic that would  cause you to spend a lot of money. So AWS  

Gives you these guarantees that you’re not going  to be going overboard and cloths. Okay, so yeah,   that’s the stuff I wanted to highlight there for  advanced. Yeah, there we go. Hey, this is Andrew   Brown from exam Pro. And we are looking at the  concept of penetration testing. And so it’s pen  

Testing for short. So what is pen testing? It’s  an authorized simulated cyber attack on a computer   system performed to evaluate the security of the  system. So the question here is, can you perform   pen tests on AWS? And the answer is yes, there  are some limitations around it. And there are  

Some prohibited activities. But you can definitely  do pen testing on AWS, AWS. So there are eight   services you are permitted to do pen testing on.  So you have you see two instances, Nat gateways   and lbs, you have RDS, you have CloudFront, you  have Aurora, you have API gateway, you have Eva’s  

Lambda and lambda edge, you have lightsail  resources, which are just using a variety   of other services underneath such as EC two, and  then you have Elastic Beanstalk. So those are   the eight permitted services. And then you have  prohibited activities. So you definitely cannot  

Perform DDoS attacks, you can’t do port flooding,  you can’t do protocol flooding, you can’t do   request flooding, anything of the flooding nature,  okay, and you cannot do DNS zone walking. So   there’s that now if there’s something else that  you wanted to do, I need us to run a simulated  

Cyber attack or test, you can submit a request to  AWS and they will reply up to seven days to say   whether you are allowed to do so or not a year or  so ago pentesting wasn’t allowed at all on AWS. So  

They have definitely opened this up. So you can do  a lot more stuff here. And just be aware that yes,   you can do pen testing on AWS. Hey, this is  Andrew Brown from exam Pro, and we are looking  

At Amazon guard duty and so the question I want  to pose to you is how do we detect if someone is   attempting to gain access to our AWS account or  resources, and that’s where Amazon guard duty is  

Going to come into play. So guard duty is a threat  detection service that continuously monitors for   malicious suspicious activity and unauthorized  behavior. It uses machine learning to analyze   the following 80 plus logs so you have cloud trail  logs, your VPC flow logs and your DNS logs. Okay,  

And it will alert you of findings which you can  automate an incident response via cloud watch   events or with a third party services. And  just to add a bit of additional information,   if you’ve ever heard of an IDS or an IPS, those  stands for intrusion detection systems and  

Intrusion protection system. And that is a device  or software application that monitors and network   or systems for malicious activity or policy  violations. So that’s what Amazon guard duty is.   It’s an IDS IPS for AWS. Okay. Alright, so I just  wanted to quickly show you what findings look like  

In guard duty. So I have guardi turned on, and  I have a few EC two instances that are launched,   which are just in public v PCs with with very  exposed security groups. And you can see right   away that people are already trying to SSH  brute force into my instances, because if you  

Do have instances that are public facing with SSH,  where you do not restrict the IP to only your IP,   you’re very likely to see a brute force attacks.  But you can see here it describes what, what the  

Finding is, and a bunch of additional information  about this attack here. So yeah, there you go.   That’s just a guard up there. Okay, this is Andrew  Brown from exam Pro. And we are looking at key  

Management service, also known as kms. And it is  a managed service that makes it easy for you to   create and control encryption keys used to encrypt  your data. And there’s three things I want you to   know about kms. And that is it’s a multi tenant  HSM. HSM stands for hardware security module,  

And this is a piece of hardware that’s at the AWS  data center. I mean, there’s lots of them. But   this piece of hardware is specifically designed  for storing keys within memory. So they’re never   written to disk. And that piece of hardware is  extremely secure. It’s multi tenant in the sense  

That there’s other customers that are utilizing  that same piece of hardware, and you all are   virtually isolated from each other via software.  Okay. And the other two points I want you to know   is that many Eva services integrate with kms  to encrypt your data with a simple checkbox. So  

In this screenshot here, we have RDS where we’re  enabling encryption, and that is using kms. Okay,   so a lot of services have that checkbox, and  then you just choose the key from kms. And kms   uses envelope encryption. Okay, and so envelope  encryption, we have an example down below, on the  

Idea here is you might have a you have a key that  encrypts your data, but what is going to protect   your data key from from being encrypted. Okay, so  that’s what we’re doing is that we’re encrypting   the key that we use to encrypt our data with  and that’s why it’s called envelope encryption.  

Because it’s like putting your key within an  envelope so people can’t see that key. Alright.   And yeah, that is kms. Hey, this is Angie brown  from exam Pro. And we’re looking at Amazon Macy,   which is a fully managed service that continuously  monitors s3 data access activity for anomalies,  

And generates detailed alerts when it detects  risks of unauthorized access or inadvertently data   leaks. So that was a very long sentence. So if you  weren’t following along, I wasn’t either. So just   to reiterate, Amazon may see it, the idea is here  is that you put data in your s3 bucket. And that  

Data can be it could be sensitive data, such  as credit card numbers, or personally identify   identifiable information, or it could be health  record information. And so what Amazon Macy does,   using the power of machine learning, and also  analyzing your cloud trail logs, it’s going to  

Detect that sense of data and whether that data  has a risk of being compromised or exposed. Okay,   so if you put a file full of credit cards in plain  text, and you upload it to your s3 bucket, Amazon  

Is gonna say, Hey, we found some credit cards, and  it’s plain text, you should probably I don’t know,   encrypt this and and archive it and make sure  nobody has access to it. Okay. So that’s the  

Role of Amazon Macy. Now, Macy has a variety  of alerts. And this kind of gives you an idea,   the kind of things that can detect so ransomware  someone trying to lock you out your data and make   you pay for it privilege escalation for someone  trying to get access to stuff that they’re not  

Supposed to, at the entity enumeration somebody  that is trying to enumerate over the list of   stuff that you have to figure out what they can  steal information loss, if you’ve lost data,   credit credentials loss. So if you have stored  credentials there, and they were lost. So there’s  

A bunch of alerts that it can alert you on. The  other thing that it can do is it will identify   your most at risk users, which could lead to  a compromise. Okay, so if you have someone on  

Your team, and you know, they’re just having very  poor practices and access to sensitive files very   often, they’re going to rank it based on this.  These badges, okay. And it’s funny because you   think bronze would be the worst user, but Platinum  is actually the worst user. So the nicer the badge  

Is the worse this user is. You got to give them  that attention. Okay. But anyway, that is what   Amazon may see is, Hey, this is Angie brown from  exam Pro, and we are looking at security groups  

Versus a knackles. Okay, and so these are both  used to act as firewalls within your VPC. But the   utility of these are slightly different. Okay, so  just knowing the difference here is a good thing   to cover, especially when we are in the security  section here. So looking at security groups, they  

Act as a firewall at the instance level, whereas  knackles act as a firewall at the sub net level.   So in that diagram, you can see that all those  instances are contained within a security group,   and they can span multiple subnets. Whereas the  knackles sit in front of the subnets. And they’re  

Gonna control access in and out from subnets.  Okay. Now, security groups implicitly deny all   traffic, and so you have to create allow rules  to get access to things. Okay. And so that’s   both for inbound and outbound. Okay. So the  idea is that if you wanted to open up Port 22,  

So you could SSH into an instance, that’s an allow  rule you’d create on that security group. Now,   with knackles, you can allow an end deny rules,  okay. But the real utility here with knackles,   is that you can block a specific IP address  known for abuse, okay? Because you can have  

Deny rules. And you can say exactly, I want to  deny exactly this IP address. So the reason you   can’t do this with security groups is that because  implicitly denies everything in order for you to,   to deny a single IP and allow everything else,  imagine all the IP addresses in the world, right,  

You’d have to create allow rules for everything  for those IP addresses, and just exclude that   one IP address, which is like almost impossible.  So for knackles, the best use case here is again,   block a specific IP address known for abuse. Okay,  so hopefully that helps you understand security  

Groups, versus knackles. And that’s all we need  to know here. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam   Pro. And we are looking at a universal VPN, which  stands for virtual private network. And what this   service does is it lets you establish a secure  and private tunnel from your network or device  

To the AWS global network. And so it comes in two  variations, we have site to site VPN and a client   VPN. So what is the difference here, so for site  to site, this is where you securely connect on  

Premises networks, or a branch office to your  AWS VPC. And then for the client VPN, this is   where you securely connect users to AWS, or on  premise networks. Okay, so the idea here is that   you are for site to site, you’re connecting an  entire office, or network to AWS. And the client  

Is just like, imagine you have some employees, and  they have laptops, and they’re, or they’re working   from home, and you want them to connect them to  the ADA bus network. That’s what you’re going  

To be using. So just know that you can do that.  And it is a private tunnel, and it is secure. And   that there are these two variations here. Hey,  this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And we’re  

Doing a bit of variation study. And we’re going  to look at services that have cloud in the name   because I want you to know that even though they  have similar names, they’re completely different   services. And I just don’t want you to get mixed  up with these things. So we’re going to learn  

About all the services that start with cloud  starting with cloud formation. cloud formation   is infrastructure as code. And it sets up services  via templating scripts such as gamle, or Jason,   it is used for provisioning lots of resources on  AWS. Okay, moving on to cloud trail, this is for  

Logging all API calls between Ada services. So  I would say it’s about who you can blame, okay,   then on to CloudFront. CloudFront, is a content  distribution network creates a cached copy of your   website and copies that content to servers located  near people trying to download your website, okay,  

It’s going to be using edge locations to do  that. Then moving on to cloud watch, which is   a collection of multiple services, okay. And so  starting with cloud watch logs, any custom data   or log data, so memory usage, rails logs, or nginx  logs, then you have cloudwatch metrics. And these  

Are metrics that are based off of the logs. I like  to think of metrics as graphs, because that’s how   they’re represented. So it’s like your log data.  So like, if you want a memory usage graph over   time, that’s cloud watch metrics, okay? Then you  have cloud watch events. And this is triggers,  

Triggers an event based on a condition. So  you could have a condition where every hour   it takes a snapshot of the server, and these  can be based off of metrics or other log data,   okay? Then you have cloud watch alarms, and  these trigger notifications based on metrics.  

Then you have cloud watch dashboard, and this  creates visualizations based on metrics. And the   last one here on our list is cloud search. It  is a search engine, so Let’s say you had an e   commerce website and you wanted to add a search  bar to search across all products on your website.  

Unlike just or just like, that’s  what you would use, okay? Hey, this is Andrew   Brown from exam Pro. And now I just want to cover  services that have connect in the name. Alright,   and so there are three services with Connect,  they are totally all unrelated. But let’s learn a  

Little bit about these three so we can distinguish  them. Okay, so the first on our list is direct   connect. And it is a dedicated fiber optics  connection from your data center to AWS. So this   is ideal for large enterprises that own their own  data center. And they need to have insanely fast  

Connection directly to AWS. If you need to secure  these connections, you can also apply a VPN,   it was VPN on top of direct connect. Okay,  next is Amazon Connect. And this is basically   a call center in the cloud. So you get a toll free  number, it can accept inbound and outbound calls,  

And you can automate, automate like a phone system  within it. Last on our list here is media Connect,   and it is the new version of elastic transcoder.  It converts videos to different video types. So if   you have 1000 videos, and you need to transcode  them into different video formats, then, or if  

You had to apply like a watermark or insert in an  introduction video, this is what you would use,   okay. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro,  I just quickly want to do a comparison between   elastic transcoder and media convert the both  these services transcode videos. So it’s a little  

Bit confusing, but I’ll just tell you a bit of the  story here. So elastic transcoder is the old way   it was the first service that came out that could  transcode videos into streaming formats, and you  

Have a video one format, and you want to turn it  into another format. And so eight of us came up   with another service called Eva’s elemental media  convert. And it is the new way of transcoding  

Videos. I don’t know if they rebuilt it from  scratch. But it has the exact same use case except   it has additional features that elastic transcoder  cannot do. So you can overlay images, you can   insert video clips, you can do extracts for  caption data, it has a much more robust UI. So at  

One point, I believe that people were still using  elastic transcoder because it just had better   integration with the AWS API, but I’m pretty sure  media convert has caught up. And anytime you’re   using elastic transcoder Avi bus is always  telling you Hey, go use media convert, okay,  

But elastic transcoder is still around, because  I’m sure they have customers that are pretty much   used to it. And these things are priced pretty  much the same. Okay, so you’re not going to really   save money by using elastic transcoder. But there  is a comparison for you. Hey, this is Andrew Brown  

From exam Pro. And I want to just do a quick match  up here of SNS versus Sq s, because these are easy   services to get mixed up because they both have  something to do with messaging. And they both are  

Used for application integration. So they connect  apps together. So let’s look at SNS first so SNS,   which stands for simple notification service it  uses using pub sub, which is publisher subscriber   messaging model. And so with it, it passes along  messages, whereas with simple queue service, it is  

A messaging service, but it’s all about queuing  up messages. Okay, and so simple notification   service, it’s just passing them along, whereas Sq  s you can get a guaranteed of delivery, okay. Now   going back to SNS, SNS sends notifications to  subscribers of topics via multiple protocols.  

So it can use HTTP email, it can also send it to  Sq s, you can also send text messages, and it can   send to lambda, as well there which don’t have  listed, okay, whereas simple queue service, you  

Place messages in the queue and the and you have  applications pull the queue using the AWS SDK. All   right back on the SNS. So SNS is generally used  for sending plain text emails, I really got to   emphasize that because it cannot do HTML emails,  which is triggered via other AWS services. So  

The best example is building alarm. So if you’ve  ever had a building alarm and it’s been triggered,   it’s going to send you a plain text email. Okay,  so that’s the exact use case there. SNS does  

Have the ability to retry sending in the case for  HTTPS. So that’s when you are sending web hooks,   okay. So that there is some kind of retry  functionality there. Now moving over to SQL, so  

SQL can retain a message for up to 14 days. They  can send them in sequential order or in parallel,   they can ensure only one message is sent, they can  ensure messages are delivered at least once. Okay,  

And so there’s the comparison there and just the  last part here, so SNS is really good for web   hooks. Simple internal emails are triggering  lambda functions, and we have Sq S is really   good for delay tasks, and queuing up emails.  All right, if you needed a comparison of other  

Similar services for SNS, if you’ve ever heard of  pusher or pub nub, that is basically what SNS is.   And for Sq s, if you’ve ever heard of rabid mq  or sidekicks, that’s what Sq S is, there you go,  

Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro, I want  to do a comparison here between inspector and   trusted advisor, because both of these services  have a security component involved in them.   And so they’re easy to mix up. Okay? So Amazon  inspector is designed to audit easy two instances.  

So you can audit a single instance or all the  instances within your region. And, and so it   would run a script, which would then run against  a security checklist, and it will come back and   report to you what checks have passed or failed.  So there is one very popular benchmark by the CIS,  

Which will do 699 checks, okay. And the other  side, we have trusted advisor and trusted advisor   doesn’t generate PDF report, there probably is  a way to export a CSV or something. But it’s not   like something that is promoted with trusted  advisor. But it gives you a holistic view of  

Recommendations across multiple service services  and best practices. And so it has a whole section   on just security, okay, so it would tell you  something like, Hey, you should really enable   MFA on your root account. So inspector is really  just about EC two instances and and making them  

Secure or hardened. And trusted advisor is all  about multiple services and security practices,   okay. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro,  I just want to quickly cover the three different   types of load balancers. So you have an idea  of their use case. So before application,  

Network load bouncer existed, all there was was  elastic load bouncer, and now it’s been renamed   to classic load balancer. And it basically does  the job of both application network load bouncer,   but it has a way fewer features, and it works  slightly different. Okay, so classic load  

Balancer does not use target groups. And it’s  intended for applications that were built with   the EC two classic network in mind, okay, so  generally, you do not want to launch a classic   load balancer you, you still can, but you’re  going to want to use application and network load  

Balancer because they are specialized for their  individual use case. So for the application loads,   load balancer, it’s working at layer seven,  layer seven is the application layer. So it’s   dealing with HTTP and HTTPS traffic. Okay. And so  if you’re running a web application, this is what  

You’re going to want to use. It has some advanced  routing rules. So it allows you to get more   usability out of your load balancer. So prior to  this, if you needed a load bouncer for subdomain,  

You’d have to launch a load bouncer for each one.  But now you with routing rules, you can route all   subdomains to the single load balancer and make  sure that it goes to the right instances that you  

Want to target. Okay. And so with application load  balancer, you are able to attach a laugh. Laugh   stands for web application firewall. And so since  its application load balancer and web application   firewalls just for applications, it makes sense  why you would be able to attach it, okay. Now,  

On to the network load balancer. This operates at  layer four, which is the transport layer, and it’s   dealing with IP protocol data. So this is where  you are dealing with TCP and TLS traffic where   extreme performance is required. So think video  games think real time. So think about handling  

Millions of requests per second will maintain  ultra low latency, okay. It’s also optimized   for sudden and volatile traffic patterns. So  that is another advantage there. Okay. And   then all these load balancers, you can attach the  Amazon certification manager so you can apply SSL  

Certificate so you have HTTPS traffic. Okay, so  there you go. Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam   Pro. I’m just gonna do a quick matchup of SNS vs  FCS. And so these two services are easy to confuse  

Because they both send emails Okay, so let’s learn  the difference. So SNS, which stands for simple   notification service. It is really intended for  practical use cases and internal use cases when   it comes to sending emails. All right. So with  SNS you can send notifications to subscribers  

Of topics via multiple protocols, so we’re not  just limited to email, but we have HTTP email,   sq s SMS and we can also do lambdas. Alright,  on the other side, we have se s which stands for   simple email service. And this is really utilize  for professional emails, marketing, emails, all  

Right. And so it basically is a cloud based email  service. Have you ever heard of sendgrid that is   what FCS is All right. So going back to SNS, SNS  is generally used for sending plain text emails,   which is triggered via other Ada services. The  best example here is building alarms. Okay,  

So if you ever had a billing alarm, and it’s  been triggered, it would send you an SMS plain   text email. It’s an ugly email, but it does the  job. Okay. over onto FCS FCS sends HTML emails,   and can also send play up plaintext emails,  whereas SMS cannot do that. So SMS cannot send  

HTML email. So if you want something that’s going  to look good, you’re going to have to use sts sts   can also receive inbound emails, SMS can create  email templates, you can use a custom domain name,  

Or domain name for your email, and you can monitor  your email reputation. So there’s a lot of other   stuff that is going on there with SEO. As you can  see, it’s really optimized for emails. So yeah,   there you go. So that is the comparison there.  Hey, this is Andrew Brown from exam Pro,  

I just want to do a quick comparison between  artifact and inspector. And the reason why   is that they both compile up PDF reports. So  that is where some confusion can can happen.   So I just want to clarify the difference between  these two services. So artifact is all about why  

Should enterprise trust at West. So does  AWS meet specific compliance frameworks,   such as sock or PCI? And inspector is all  about how do we know this easy to instance   is secure? Can you prove it? And so it runs a  script that analyzes your EC two instance, and  

Then generates out a PDF report telling you which  security checks have passed. Okay, so that is the   difference between these two services, but just be  aware that they both compile up PDFs. Hey, this is   Andrew Brown from exam Pro. And I congratulate you  for making your way through the journey content.  

And so now all that’s left to do is to do some  practice exam questions. And if you’re scoring,   all right, that means you’re ready to go book  your exam, which I’ll show you here in the next  

Section shortly. Okay, so there you go. All right.  So now it’s time to book our exam. And it’s always   a bit of a trick to actually find where this page  is. So if you were to search at a certification  

And go here, alright, and then maybe go to the  training overview, and then click get started,   it’s going to take you to at bis dot training,  and this is where you’re going to register to  

Take the exam. So in the top right corner, we are  going to have to go ahead and go sign in. And I   already have an account. So I’m just going to go  and login with my account there. So I’m just gonna  

Hit sign in there. Okay, and we’re just going  to have to provide our credentials here. So I’m   just going to go ahead and fill mine in. And I  will see you on the other side and just show you  

The rest of it here. Alright, so now we are in the  training and certification portal. So at the top,   we have a one stop training. And to get to booking  our exam, we got to go to certification here. And  

Then we’re going to have to go to our account.  And we’re going to be using the certain metrics,   third party service that actually manages the  certifications. So we’re going to go to our   certain metrics account here. And now we can go  ahead and schedule our exam. So we’re going to  

Schedule a new exam. And down below, we’re going  to get a full list of exams here. So it used to   just be psi. And so now they all have psi Pearson  VUE, these are just a network of training centers  

Where you can actually go take and sit the exam,  for the CCP, you can actually take it from home   now it’s the only certification you can take from  home, it is a monitored exam. But for the rest,  

They have to be done at a data center. And so I’m  just going to show you how to book it either with   psi or a Pearson VUE here. And again, they have  different data centers. So if you do not find a  

Data center in your area, I’ll just go give  Pearson VUE a look so that you can actually   go book that exam. So let’s go take a look at  an exam. So maybe we will book the professional  

Here. So I’m just going to open this in a tab and  open that in a tab and we’re going to review how   we can book it here through these two portals. So  let’s take a look at psi, this is the one I’m most  

Familiar with. Okay, because Pearson VUE wasn’t  here the last time I checked, but so here you   can see the duration and the confirmation number,  you want to definitely make sure you’re taking the   right exam. Sometimes there are similar exams like  the old ones, that will be in here. So just be  

100%. Sure, before you go ahead and do that and go  and schedule your exam. And so it’s even telling   you that there is more than one available here and  that’s fine. So we’ll just hit Continue. Okay. And  

Then from here, we’re going to wait here and we’re  going to select our language, okay. And then we   get to choose our data centers. So the idea is you  want to try to find a data center near you. So if  

I typed in Toronto here, so we’ll get sitting  here like Toronto, I don’t know why thinks I’m   over here. And I’m just going to hit Toronto here.  And we’re going to search for exam centers. Okay,  

And then we are going to have a bunch of over  here. So the closest one in Toronto is up here.   So I’m gonna click one. Alright, and it’s going  to show me the available times that I can book. So  

There’s not a lot of times this week, generally  you have to, it has to be like two, three days   ahead. Every time I booked exam, it’s never been  the next day. But here, we actually have one, it’s  

Going to vary based on the test center that you  have here. We’re going to go ahead here and this   one only lets you do Wednesdays and Thursdays. So  if we had the Thursday here at 5pm, okay, and then  

We would choose that and we would continue. Okay,  and then we would hit Continue again. Alright,   and so the booking has been created. And in order  to finalize that, we just have to pay that it is  

In USD dollars, okay. So you’d have to just go and  fill that out. And once that’s filled out and you   pay it, then you are ready to go sit that exam. So  that’s how we do with psi and then we’re gonna go  

Take a look over at Pearson VUE. So I’m just gonna  go ahead and clear this, because I’m not serious   about booking an exam right now. Okay, and we’ll  go take a look how we do it with Pearson VUE. So  

Here we are in the Pearson VUE section to book and  you first need to choose your preferred language.   I’ll choose English because that’s what I’m most  comfortable with. And we’re going to just hit next  

Here. And the next thing it’s going to show us is  the price and we will say schedule this exam. All   right. And now we can proceed to scheduling. Okay,  so we’ll just proceed to scheduling it’s given   me a lot of supervillains often Alright, okay,  hello, let’s go. and here we can see locations  

In Toronto. Okay, so here are test centres. And  we do actually have a bit of variation here. So   you can see there are some different offerings,  you might also see the same data center, so I can  

Choose this one here. Okay, and it lets you select  up to three to compare the availability. So sure,   we will select three, and we will hit next. Okay,  we’ll just wait a little bit here. All right.  

Okay. Hello, let’s go. And now we are just going  to choose when we want to take that exam there.   So we do have the three options to compare. And so  you know, just choose that 11 time, okay. And so  

Then we would see that information, and we could  proceed to checkout. Hey, this is Andrew Brown   from exam Pro, and we are at the end here. So I  hope you set your exam and you pass and when you  

Do I definitely want to hear your feedback. I do  appreciate any kind of criticisms. You do have of   the the course curriculum here of any regards  and definitely be sure to share with me your   success on social media, whether it’s LinkedIn,  Twitter, Instagram, I want to hear from you. Okay.

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